BSNL has planned to launch 3G in Pune, Maharashtra. BSNL is the state owned public limited company. Its the biggest POTS provider and it also provides cellular, wll and internet services. BSNL has planned to invest Rs 300 crore and initially, it will serve about 2000 BSNL customers. Later, in end 2008, they will expand it once the GOI finalizes the 3G deal. To use 3G, you will need to pay 725 per month..
Q. What is 3G ?
Ans. 3G is the third generation of mobile phone standards and technology, after 2G. It is based on the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) family of standards under the International Mobile Telecommunications programme, “IMT-2000“. 3G technologies enable network operators to offer users a wider range of more advanced services while achieving greater network capacity through improved spectral efficiency. Services include wide-area wireless voice telephony and broadband wireless data, all in a mobile environment.
Unlike IEEE 802.11 networks, 3G networks are wide area cellular telephone networks which evolved to incorporate high-speed internet access and video telephony. IEEE 802.11 networks are short range, high-bandwidth networks primarily developed for data.
The most significant feature of 3G mobile technology is that it supports greater numbers of voice and data customers — especially in urban areas — and higher data rates at lower incremental cost than 2G.
By using the radio spectrum in bands identified, which is provided by the UTI for Third Generation IMT-2000 mobile services, it subsequently licensed to operators. 3G uses .6 MHz channel carrier width to deliver significantly higher data rates and increased capacity compared to 2G networks.
The .5 MHz channel carrier provides optimum use of radio resources for operators who have been granted large, contiguous blocks of spectrum. On the other hand, it also helps to reduce the cost to 3G networks while being capable of providing extremely high-speed data transmission to users.
It also allows the transmission of 384 kbit/s for mobile systems and 2 Mb/s for stationary systems. 3G users are expected to have greater capacity and better spectrum efficiency, which allows them to access global roaming between different 3G networks.
Although 3G was successfully introduced to users in Europe, Asia, South America (Uruguay) and Africa, some issues are debated by 3G providers and users:
- Expensive input fees for the 3G service licenses
- Numerous differences in the licensing terms
- Large amount of debt currently sustained by many telecommunication companies, which makes it a challenge to build the necessary infrastructure for 3G
- Lack of member state support for financially troubled operators
- Expense of 3G phones
- Lack of buy-in by 2G mobile users for the new 3G wireless services
- Lack of coverage, because it is still a new service
- High prices of 3G mobile services in some countries, including Internet access (see flat rate)
- Current lack of user need for 3G voice and data services in a hand-held device
- BSNL is not known to provide anything called as QoS. Infact, not a single telco or ISP in India ever promises to deliver services on minimum QoS. Even most of the consumers dont bother about QoS. Why this carelessness, I dunno..Astonishing to know that 3G can have upto 2Mbps top speed. BSNL actually provides 2 MB as an elite internet service and that too at a premium price, and they dont gurantee that the upload/download sped will be consistant. Call any of their technical teams, they have got an answer – The server through which you ar uploading might be having some problems..Gosh, I am experimenting on their unlimited plan, and all I can get is a paltry 30 kbps download under good conditions…Are they taking me on a ride? Is this what they call broadband??
- Right now, BSNL is promising video calling on 3G. The catch is that many existing customers dont have access to full fledged 3G devices. Also, people having BSNL mobil will be able to make video calls only to those having bsnl as mobil service provider, as no other service provider has got 3G capabilities of now. So, its only bsnl here..Remember those olden days when the BSNL phone used to be dead for major part of day, do we get to see this in case of 3G as well??
- Why didnt BSNL go in for Apple iPhone 3G when they were actually having resources to provide 3G? Its a waste of money and time for those who have purchased it through Airtel or Vodafone…
One things good that we are actually getting some premium services in India, however, as a consumer, we need to demand QoS from all service providers, whether its the ISP, telco or even the government that we elect..(or others elect..)