Updates from October, 2008 Toggle Comment Threads | Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Harshad Joshi 7:10 am on October 9, 2008 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Dussera, Indian Festivals, Raavan, Shri Ram, Vijayadashami   

    Happy Vijayadashami 

    विजयादशमीच्या हार्दिक शुभेच्छा..!!

    Happy Vijayadashami to everyone. This is the day when Good conquered Evil. Lets win over our fears, ourshortcomings, and march ahead with faith, confidence and courage..

    JaY Shree Ram

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    • nabinatrisha 7:26 pm on November 6, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      lovely picture Harshad, you could have narrated the story here 🙂

  • Harshad Joshi 2:07 pm on May 10, 2008 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: 10 May 1857, 1857, British atrocities, British Empire, British Raj, Freedom Fighters, Mangal Pandey, Meerut, National uprising of 1857, Revolt of 1857, The Great Indian Mutiny, World History   

    10 May 1857 – The first renaissance of Indian Freedom struggle 

    The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of British East India Company‘s army on the 10th of May 1857, in the town of Meerut, and soon erupted into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, with the major hostilities confined to the region of present-day Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, northern Madhya Pradesh or Saugor and Nerbudda Territories, Delhi, and Gurgaon.[2] The rebellion posed a considerable threat to Company power in that region,[3] and it was contained only with the fall of Gwalior on 20 June 1858.[2] The rebellion is also known as India’s First War of Independence, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Revolt of 1857, and the Sepoy Mutiny.

    The rebels quickly captured large swaths of the Northwest Provinces and Oudh, including Delhi, where they installed the Mughal ruler, Bahadur Shah Zafar, as Emperor of Hindustan. The Company response came rapidly as well: by September 1857, with help from fresh British reinforcements, Delhi had been retaken.[2] Nevertheless, it then took the better part of 1858 for the rebellion to be completely suppressed in Oudh.[2]

    Other regions of Company controlled India—Bengal province, the Bombay Presidency, and the Madras Presidency—remained largely calm.[2] In Punjab, only recently annexed by the East India Company, the Sikh princes supported the Company to provide both soldiers and support.[2] The large princely states, Hyderabad, Mysore, Travancore, and Kashmir, as well as the smaller ones of Rajputana, by not joining the rebellion, served, in the Governor-General Lord Canning‘s words, as “breakwaters in a storm” for the Company.[4]

    In some regions, especially in Oudh, the rebellion took on the attributes of a patriotic revolt against European presence;[5] however, although the rebel leaders, especially the Rani of Jhansi, became folk heroes in the burgeoning nationalist movement in India half a century later,[2] they themselves “generated no coherent ideology or programme on which to build a new order.”[6] Still, the rebellion proved to be an important watershed in Indian history;[7] it led to the dissolution of the East India Company in 1858, and forced the British to reorganize the army, the financial system, and the administration in India.[8] India was thereafter governed directly from London—by the British government India Office and a cabinet level Secretary of State for India—in the new British Raj, a system of governance that lasted until 1947.[4]

     
    • Phoebe 1:01 pm on June 21, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      thanks for the help. this website really helped me with a poster that i had to do for History. i had to answer “how and why queen victoria became empress of india” and use references to the Indian Mutiny of 1857.
      Phoebe xxx

    • Ankita 1:31 pm on December 4, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      thanks ur site really proved to be useful info source for my history project……………….

    • John de M Wellborne 12:50 am on January 7, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      Interesting commentry………

      My G/G/Grandmother witnessed,and survived to write a article on the first hours of the Indian Mutiny, on that terrible Sunday, 10th May 1857. G/G/Grandmother describes the bloody mayhem wrought by the Seepoys, and of the pathetic inactivity of the British Arrmy Commander to attempt to defend the residences.

    • Omkar 10:57 am on August 10, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      your site helped me in my history project……………(it was a British Council Project)

    • Harshad Joshi 2:41 pm on August 10, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      @Omkar

      I am glad to know it 🙂

      India has got great glorious history and a great future, provided we believe in what we are, without ape copying bad practices of others..

      Good Luck.

    • halfstop 5:53 pm on September 12, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=172710247784

      On the 150th anniversary of the First War of Independence of Indian people against colonial rule it is both relevant and necessary to discuss some aspects connected with the struggle. Despite their differences with each other, the common opinion of the parties of ruling classes is that the First War of Independence of 1857 reached its logical conclusion with the transfer of power in 1947 (which they hold to be “independence”.) Here they conveniently ignore that in 1947 the British colonial rulers transferred power to those very classes who had sided with the colonial aggressors in the War of independence of 1857-59 or those the colonial rulers had nurtured after crushing the peoples revolt. In a sense the transfer of power of 1947 was not the completion of the War of Independence of 1857 but the continuing in modified form of the colonial rule victorious in the war of 1857-59. The independence struggle of the people continues even now in today’s concrete conditions.

      At the root of the understanding of the ruling class parties, supported and nourished as they are by imperialism, is their evaluation of the character of colonial rule. The praises showered on colonial rule by Manmohan Singh is in accordance with this evaluation. Yes, this much is there that the politicians of ruling classes used to avoid openly praising their masters as shamelessly as he did.

      The question in context of the War of 1857-59 is whether the British colonial rulers were destroying feudalism in India and thus the War of 1857 was merely a feudal reaction against this. The basic question in relation to the above understanding is whether there were no processes of democratization in Indian society? Did the colonial rule, despite all its atrocities and destruction, democratize Indian society? With this outlook, the War of 1857-59 becomes a reactionary campaign, not a war of independence. This understanding takes colonial rule to be a synonym of destroying feudalism and building capitalism in India. It is another matter that the task of democratic revolution is not over even after 150 years of 1857, and the task of democratization of society is still on the agenda. In short, the issue is, with the victory of which forces in the war of 1857-59 was the task of democratic transformation in India associated?

      Was the British colonial rule in India really a campaign to establish capitalism after destroying feudalism? When the colonial rule actually began in the first half of the 18th century, India was a feudal society pregnant with capitalist forces. Spinning and weaving was the occupation second to farming in which people found employment in large numbers. The muslin of Dacca was renowned throughout the world. Cottage industry was widespread on a countrywide scale and many people depended on it for a livelihood. Mineral resources were also used according to the needs of the society.

      The British destroyed native industry completely. This was necessary to ensure use in India of mill products from Britain. With the start of British colonial rule the use in India of British goods increased very fast and many figures are available to show this. Textile industry in India was completely destroyed and this was not only due to competition between goods but was done through barbaric repression and atrocities whose hair-raising accounts are available in large numbers. In Capital, Marx had termed the uprooting of weavers in India the biggest human tradegy till that time. Weavers, carpenters, blacksmiths and other artisans became victims of unemployment on a large scale. In the proclamation on 25th August 1857 of Mughal prince Firoz Shah the state of artisans is mentioned and it is furthur stated that the entry of English goods snatched the livelihood of spinners, weavers, carpenters, blacksmiths, shoemakers etc. and made the artisans beggars in every way. The inflow of English goods into India finished off all possibilities of capitalist development in place of capitalist development of the country. Even today the ruling classes of India are showing a mirage of development leaning on imperialist capital. Actually by destroying the capitalist forces with which feudal India was pregnant the British did not ‘democratize’ India but rather tried to finish off any possibilities of this. By finishing off the industries of India the colonial rulers spread the use of industrial goods from British mills. In this way they prepared an economic basis for an alliance with feudalism.

      The British colonial rule is synonymous with the cruelest loot. The British rulers looted the then rulers of the country as well the people and carried away all the resources to Britain. The British colonial rulers showed the way of capitalist development in Britain by leaving India penniless and of making Britain the biggest power of the world of that time.

      The colonial rule targeted for plunder not feudalism but the whole agricultural system of India. The tax on land was significantly raised and peasants were dispossessed in the event of non-payment. The economic burden on both peasants and landlords was increased so much in order to intensify loot that large tracts of land became barren. According to SB. Chowdhry “heavy rent increased taxes and made the peasants destitute. In many parts of the country rent was settled at very high rates.” At the same time there were rent free areas in the country on a large scale. All rent free areas were declared ended and a period of terror against them was launched. Each piece of land was brought into the tax nexus. In order to increase its income the Company also used the method of direct extraction from peasants but altogether burden of tax and rent on the peasantry increased. The echo of the exploitation of the peasantry on such a large scale was heard even in England when Disraeli commented on it in a parliamentary debate. The British L.L.S. Omelie wrote referring to a report “I can challenge that one third of land in company ruled areas of India has become a jungle in which only wild animals live”.

      By auctioning the possession of farmers and landlords who did not pay the high rents to the colonial rulers a web of usury capital was laid out in the country. In the struggle of 1857-59 these too were attached in many places. Altogether colonial rule made agriculture a special target of its exploitation due to which the situation of the peasantry become quite pitiable. This was an attack not on feudalism but on Indian agriculture and its aim was to intensify colonial loot of the country.

      Historians and writers have collected many examples of the impoverishment of the people of India by this destruction of Indian industry and by especially targeting agriculture for exploitation. Macaullay’s own admission is in these words, “Delicate women, who had never ventured out of their homes and never seen the sun, touched the feet of passerbys, spread their hands and begged for a fistful of rice Scores of corpses of the hungry were swept in the Hoogly river past the mansions and gardens of the British to disappear into the sea.”

      Renowned poet Ashraf Ali Khan ‘Fuga’ described the impoverishment of the people of the country in words which captured the piteous condition of the people. Marx has mentioned the destructive effects and the regeneration in the context of colonial rule in India. The British colonial rulers gave full effect to the destruction of the country. Of the other aspect Marx said “The Indians will not reap the fruits of new elements of society” till “in Great Britain itself the now ruling classes shall have been supplanted by the industrial proletariat” or till they “themselves shall have grown strong enough to throw off the English yoke all together. Marx said the situation of the Indian people was one of losing an old world and not getting a new one. The sympathy of Marx and Engles was with the war of independence of 1857-59 because only by “fully overthrowing the yoke” of British colonialists did they see the road for the regeneration of India.

      The widespread participation of the people in the war of independence of 1857-59 can be easily understood in the context of their impoverishment by colonial rule. However in this the role of the peasantry and the peasant in uniforms (sepoys) was main. Despite this the intellectuals of the ruling classes of India either opposed this or understood it mainly as a revolt of feudals. Bankimhandra Chatterjee, Ram Mohan Roy, Sir Syed Ahmed openly criticized the war. Savarkar did call it the war of independence of India but mainly described the role of feudal rulers in it. Jawaharlal Nehru wrote, “Essentially, the revolt was a feudal outburst headed by feudal chiefs and their followers and aided by the widespread anti foreign sentiment.” (The Discovery of India)

      Here it is important to state that not only was there no feudal king at war with the British at the start of the war, but rather it is only because of the support of the feudal kings that British could maintain their rule over India. Scandia, Holkar, Thzam, Nawab of Rampur, Begums of Bhopal, Maharaja of Patiala, the Ranas of Nepal and many feudals stood with the British and the war of independence of 1857 had divided the feudal forces. A big section was with the British while the feudals opposing colonial rule jumped into the war. The war of independence of 1857-59 was fought between the British colonialists and their supporters on one hand and the people of India including some feudals on the other. Those who refute war of independence by showing the handful of participating feudals should remember : “The first blow dealt to the French monarchy proceeded from the nobility, not from the peasants.” (Karl Marx, On Colonialism)

      The main force of the war of independence of 1857-59 was the peasantry and the war extended against the pro English feudals also. However, it was not an anti-feudal peasant war but a war against colonial rule. In this context the comment of some writers are guilty of exaggeration. Even so, the support extended by major part of the feudals to the British exposes this false propaganda that this was a mere revolt by feudal forces.

      The war of independence declared Bahadur Shah Zafar as the Emperor of India but the aim of the war was neither to restore the old Mughal Sultanate, and nor did the circumstances to do so exist. In this context a reference to the letter written by Bahadur Shah Zafar to several kings is relevant: “It is my fervent desire that the foreigners should be thrown out of India using all means and at any cost. It is also my fervent desire that the whole of India should be freed from the foreigners. After throwing out the British from India I have no desire to rule for my own importance. If all you native rulers are ready to take up arms to throw out the enemy I am ready to give up my kingly powers to any elected group of native kings”.

      The most important issue in context to the war of independence of 1857-59 is its evaluation in view of social progress. Colonial rule which crushed living forces of Indian society could not be the harbinger of regeneration of India. Colonial rule along with feudal forces destroyed both, the industries and capitalism developing in feudal society and pushed the peasantry into a cycle of prolonged exploitation and backwardness. The main burden of the failure of the war of independence of 1857-59 fell on the peasantry and on artisans. Colonial rule tightened its collaboration with feudals because this was the reactionary section which could be of assistance in Colonial loot and plunder, could become the social base of colonialism and was incapable of existing independently from colonial rule. The social progress of India was only possible by uprooting the colonial rule along with its supporters.

      Comprador capitalists and feudals in the twentieth century made use of the anti colonial struggle to extract concessions from colonial rulers. After the weakening of imperialism following 2nd world war and in the context of the world wide intensification of anti colonial struggles, the comprador capitalists and feudals betrayed the independence struggle and reached an agreement for transfer of power with British imperialism. With this India changed to a semi colony from a colony and the alliance of imperialism – comprador bureaucrat capitalism – feudalism began exploitation and plunder of people of the country. The aim of democratic revolution in India was to uproot imperialism and its compradors but in 1947 the comprador classes reached an agreement with imperialism and foiled this struggle.

      Today too the exploitation and plunder of India by the alliance of imperialism – comprador bureaucrat capitalism and feudalism is continuing. The people of India are writhing under the loot of imperialist exploitation and feudal loot. The natural resources and labour of India are being exploited for the benefit of multinational companies of imperialist countries and comprador big corporates. The major part of the people of the country are victims of extreme poverty, impoverishment and backwardness. It is only by uprooting the ruling classes that this situation can be got rid off. That is, only by new democratic revolution in the country can a new India be built. Even today the enemies of revolution in our country are imperialism and its compradors.

      This is the relevance of the war of independence of 1857. The freedom struggle of 1857 is incomplete even today and can be completed only by agrarian revolution under the leadership of the working class.

      (Translated from Hindi, Pratirodh Ka Swar, February, 2007)

    • alex 7:10 pm on September 16, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      ill stand by my tribe no matter what

  • Harshad Joshi 6:18 pm on June 12, 2007 Permalink | Reply  

    A practical approach for blocking Orkut and saving trouble 

    From the past few days theIndian media is in all sorts of frenzy, displaying the news and reports telling that Indian government has instructed CERT India to ‘ban’ Orkut access primarily because,

    1. Indian authorities believe that Orkut allowes creation of flame communities that pack enough ammunation to set cities on fire and a punch that hurts the fragile ego of icon worshippers.

    2. Orkut is a place where loners waste their bandwidth hunting for girls, their personal details, a photograph or pieces of vital info.

    3. Orkuts a facinating place where you can abuse anyone, yes anyone, ranging from George Dubya Bush to the local administration without the fear of getting in line of fire. Although too much abusing or ranting can lead to your profile or community being marked as fake. But why bother , you can create plenty of fake accounts.

    4. Orkut is also a place where one can secretly plan their next rave party without the cops noticing it.

    Actually, I am not sure that this is what the government or authorities think of, but these all activites are being carried out on Orkut. No doubt about it. And I also know that the democratic government of India will try as little as possible to ‘ban’ it, afterall, the govt has so many daunting tasks ahead of them, be it the election of new president after Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, the Chinese theat claims over Arunachal Pradesh, the rising value of ruppee against the US dollor(Huh, isent this thing funny? The rise of ruppee against dollor is extremely conducive to the booming Indian economy, but is a warning bell for the cheap service industry that is the home of US BPOs etc. Strange ways of economy. What to lose and what to keep?)

    On top of it, people get mad each time they discover that Orkut is being misused by sadistic outfits for achieving their targets. Orkut certainly gives a nice facility to create various groups and read a wide audience, but is it vitally necessary to get involved in Orkut to a level where we find it difficult to communication without the digital network? I mean the analog social network, the real one is much more good option.

    Some reasons for Orkuts wide misuse

    1. It allows creation of fake profiles and hate communities. Although theres provision for reporting it as bogus, the procedure isent foolproof. It can work either ways. Using this facility, someone can report a persons profile as bogus, even though that individual may be posting the truth. Who is to decide that the validity and quality of contents posted are in interest of community or no? Tough job, AI hasent reached this height as of now.

    2. People have to learn to exist in digital world. Even if the digital world is limited to a few dark servers placed on unknown datacenters, the impact they cause on real lifes can be damaging. It cannot be blamed on any digital network. People carry their personality, their good, bad attributes, imperfections, ideologies where ever they go. When this happens, usually theres trouble, leading to unstability.

    Inspite of everything, Orkut wont be ‘banned’, no one except the Chinese govt has the courage to ‘ban’ Google, but I still think that Orkut needs to be ‘blocked’ in offices, corporations, at place of work, school, colleges, government sections, public places etc. Doing this will be more feasible. Majority of well known companies block access to Orkut site, the reason is very simple – Dont want to distract the employees attention from work, and dont want to get into any legal trouble because of any employees miscreant activies.

    In schools and colleges, we go to study and not surf the web. Its common sense. We dont want to expose students to ill effects of bad company.

    So, that leaves us to homes. Yes, at home, we are free to do  anything. Access Orkut from your home.

    Moral of the story – Orkut cannot be ‘banned’ in India but it certainly can be ‘blocked’ by using proxy servers. Any digital social network can be a great tool to explore the world around us, but till the time we dont find a common unified way of understanding the ‘real’ world, we might face these problems forever.

    And as usual, as far as I am concerned, I personally feel that there are lot of other problems in this world that need a top priority attention example – Global Warming, Rise of terrorist outfits etc. It makes little sense to quarrel and argue over a damm freaky Orkut.

     
    • Shyam 10:45 am on September 9, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      Global warming is a myth.

  • Harshad Joshi 6:48 am on February 22, 2007 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: “रेव्ह पार्टी", Censorship, Communism, Communist, Democracy, Free will, Governments, , , , Rights, Secret   

    Police planning to ban Orkut in India 

    According to media reports, the Pune police is in full swing to ban Orkut, the Google owned digital social networking tool following its controversial communities and its probable role in anti social activities.

    To a certain extent, I feel that there is a ‘real’ need in maintaining Orkut. Given its liberal policies, a madman can create real mess on Orkut by creating hate topics, insultive discussions and also spoil images of well known personalities. Its sort of a free ground for cheap and unconstructive publicity. And after the recent blasts, things are turning pretty hot.

    But is banning a solution to this problem?

    Nope. Given Googles brand influence, I dont think it will be practically possible. Even if the police dont succumb to the influence of any media, there still will be a wide disarray among the ‘anti-social’ elements in the society. Only China is the state which officially monitors Google content. So much so the my blog – The First Tones of Freedom cannot be viewed on any Chinese ISP, sole reason being the word – Freedom, I preach about the importance of Freedom and Liberty in life..

    Anyway – A middle path should be adopted and Orkut should make use of a better ‘Report as Bogus’ system. I mean its ridiculous the way things are handled as of now. Things will be clear in a few days.

     
    • John 10:16 am on February 22, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      This can’t be possible to ban orkut for such a stupid reason. Instead of doing it, pune police should contact orkut to remove such community from it rather than permanently baning the orkut.

    • priyankavarma 6:14 am on March 8, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      Permanently banning orkut will not b a solution as so many other social networking sites like orkut are coming up…

    • Rohit 1:28 pm on March 30, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      I thinks its really need to bann orkut these days… coz bad things is bad things after all the discussion …
      if we want to set clear liberal surrounding then it has to be vanish bad things like orkut….
      i am in sight that orkut should bann not in india but in all over world…

    • nandita 9:02 am on April 5, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      Yes orkut shd be banned as some ppl r misusing it to defame gals and they also talk crap things abt innocent ppl. There r some ppl who really make cheap comments abt gals and their characters.Its really misused and many gals r suffering cos of this.please ban this site plsssssssss

    • Sumit 10:59 am on April 5, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      yes it’s really need to ban orkut.

    • angshu raj 5:19 pm on April 24, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      no , i dont think orkut should b banned . banning it will not solve the problems , instead the police should try to remove these communities . everything has its advantages and disadvantages . police should try to look at the advantages of such a site rather than banning it for its small disadvantages

    • Bhadra 6:55 am on May 13, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      I don’t think orkut should be banned. The police should contact orkut to ban such communities.

    • senthil 7:14 pm on June 8, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      yes orkut should be banned in india ,india gal dnt nt know abt some of the cheap guys .There r some ppl who really make cheap comments abt gals and their characters.Its really misused and many gals r suffering cos of this.please ban orkut in india

    • Sandeep Krishna 2:39 am on June 12, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      Banning Orkut just because anti-social activities are being carried out is totally ridiculous. Why not our Govt rather ask Google to monitor the content being posted there?? If measures have to be taken so crud, then everything right from emails to blogs to chats must be closed!

      That way our nation will be soon back to technology “zeroes” rather than the “zeroes and ones”! ORKUT SHOULD NOT BE BANNED!

    • Harshad Joshi 5:13 am on June 12, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      @Sandeep
      I dont think that orkut will be banned throughout India, as its virtually impossible. Had we been living in China, where the government is very cruel, I guess this move would have given some results.

      However, in many companies, the employees are not allowed to use Orkut and many private companies ban Orkut during office hours.

    • Sandeep Krishna 5:51 pm on June 12, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      I agree with you @ Harshad. It’s true about china, all web content is being monitored there! I also heard that compaies in India are doing that…

      Anyways, I’m having my hands crossed…

    • jk 4:15 pm on June 15, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      orkut shoudnt be banned so that i can easily scam

    • Ali 3:37 am on June 20, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      Yes i agree orkut should be banned. Because there are many bad things happening.

    • chandra mohan 2:51 pm on July 10, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      Orkut should be banned becoz all the nonsense are happening there….Can anyone tell that wat all r doing in Orkut other than reading others scrap…!! All the things should be kept private rather than public which causes some problems..So lets join together to ban that damn thing

    • pramod 3:08 pm on July 10, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      banning of orkut is exposing the fact that police are still ineffcient to capture the cyber crimes.. people will portait the bads things only they never see good. personally speaking i contacted my school mates through orkut only. now it s ban in UAE also.

    • Harshad Joshi 3:25 pm on July 10, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      @Pramod
      Theres a more efficient way to contact former school mates, just form one alumni student group, thats all, besides the school must be having some contact information of its former students, isent it?

    • Arshad 3:45 pm on July 10, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      I do admit with all the controversies posted. Hate groups are incresing rapidly and damanging social securities. Though I regularly visit orkut, I have a strong hatred, agony against it. I just go through it to check out what the new nonsense is created.

      Pune Police pls go ahead, people like me are always with you in terminating such groups.

    • alex 7:41 am on July 14, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      The motive is to gain the fabulous sensuous pleasures & Rewards ( 72 virgins & all luxuries etc for each ) promised for them & their families too in the KORAN. To know more about it refer to the celebrated PENGUIN translation of Koran by NJ Dawood, or any other version or refer to Google. See Chapters(Sura/Verses) 56/(12 to 40),55/( 54 to 56),55/ (72to-74), 76/ (12 to 22), .This is the easiest way for dropouts, drifters, idlers & terminally ill to pass off in great glory as Martyrs & also benefit their families who only rejoice & never grieve for their death . Now even educated youths are being brainwashed to be more religious & do their” duty” by using sophisticated methods like- food & gas poisoning, nuclear blasts, aircraft sabotage, ship attacks,car bombing etc. to gain these sensuous rewards in Paradise .Thus most of them are silent members of ‘SLEEPER CELLS ‘ ready to act on their own. All muslims are not Jihadis but ALL Jihadis have proved as muslims. Is this not true ? Worldwide publicity should be given for this despicable hidden motive & the Radical Fundamentalist leaders must be made to denounce & deny these acts & issue a FATWA warning that their families will be outcasted , deported & lynched. They will never do it –as they are a party to it & are actually rejoicing after the killings.—-Your comments please—

    • Harshad Joshi 8:47 am on July 14, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      @Alex
      A ‘fatwa’ against declaring a ‘fatwa’..that would solve majority of problems. 😛

    • Jim 1:26 pm on July 26, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      I don’t feel Orkut should be banned in a democratic country like India. Banning Orkut is not a permanent solution to this problem, as the controversial postings can be made through other social networking sites and blogs too. The only difference is that, Orkut is a bit more popular.

      There should be an official government organization to keep track of the content being displayed in different websites. The general public should be able to contact this organization through digital means, probably through website and complain about the content in websites, anonymously. If this government body finds that the content is inappropriate, they should contact the website owners and demand to remove the content within a feasible deadline time. If its not removed even after this, then it is reasonable to consider banning as an option….

    • vivek singh 2:12 pm on July 27, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      please please please ban this site orkut

    • Rocky balvant 2:13 pm on July 31, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      dont ban the site. there should be a proper monitoring of the site done by google people because all the todays generation need sex chat & sex relation.
      with the help of orkut there can the business like prostitution.now a days mumbai is suffering with this kind of problem because of bollywood people .
      all man in this world gone made behind girls.
      orkut can be categorize in such kind of porn sites.
      so pls tell police about this that … this site can be a business of prostitution…
      So pls monitor this site very properly if u can, else just ban this site.

    • monikonika guha 6:33 am on August 8, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      the orkut site should be banned……………………. i have a terrible experiences through this orkut ………….. though i dont have any account in orkut but still i faced problems …… everybody will be wondering how and why ?? then let me tell the total story..my name is monikonika guha i am working in very reputed IT Industry,on a fine morning my freind called me up and told me what rubbish profile you created in orkut…….with nude pictures ……i was shocked …i was trembling after visiting the profile because the profile carry the same name as i do ……. lots of rubbish scrap posted on that profile……in of the scrap it was written are you that same Monikonika Guha working in IT Industry (don’t want to reveal the name of my company )……i felt like dying and helpless when i saw that scrap……. i earnestly request please to stop this orkut or to stop all this nonsense

    • Harshad Joshi 2:24 pm on August 8, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      @Monika

      You should lodge a complaint against the profile by consulting the police cyber cell. Next time you are giving a real example of Orkut exploits, make sure that you dont give away personal details, so many people read the first tones of freedom, I cant say how many of them are crooked, its better we learn to protect ourself.

      I think Orkut needs to be banned, atleast some communities and profiles definately..

    • anupreet singh 11:30 am on August 16, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      i think orkut should be banned.today if u search for a friend as by entering into the profiles of others,,,u must reach at crap profiles…which have written abuse in their profiles.,,nudity in pictures, and their views are very cheap…
      there r lot my communities which very openly talk about sex,sex practices,sexual parts…….i was shocked …i trembed after visiting that profile

      there is no privacy… anyone can read your scraps…..can copy your pics from albums…..

    • Harshad Joshi 5:26 pm on August 16, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      @Anupreet Singh

      Yes, I agree with your point of view.

    • Abhit shetty 5:12 pm on August 17, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      it should be banned because children are misusing it

    • Abhit shetty 11:16 pm on August 17, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      it should be banned because children are misusing it and bad things are passed off

    • neha 4:58 am on August 21, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      i think orkut shud be banned…its being misused…it helps u keep in touch wid frndz..yes…but not onnie dat…u wana take sum1 for a ride…use orkut!!!!

    • Harshad Joshi 2:52 pm on August 21, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      Orkuts in serious trouble right now. In Mumbai, India, a boy named Adnan was killed by his friends who had befriended him through Orkut..!!

      All Orkut users

      Beware, stay sharp, people are spying on you through Orkut medium, its highly unsafe place to distribute your personal information on Orkut.

    • Ananth Sarella 10:10 pm on August 27, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      Guys! Banning Orkut will not actually solve the problem. Yes of course it can solve problems on temporary basis. Ultimately education is something that can solve the problem.

      People should attain maturity in things that they do. For which we need to be given the right education. Education does not start in schools or colleges, but starts at home. Parents should be paying attention to their children. Their activities need to be monitored and corrective measures should be taken.

      This may sound like a long term project, however this can solve 99% of the problem.

      Is Orkut a problem? or is it the people who are using it?

    • sudhanashu ryhal 7:11 am on October 22, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      Banning orkut doesnt solve this problem but instead of banning it, people who miss use it their accounts should be closed…… it really should not be banned because it is online community which makes meet ur friends which are or have gone away from us!!!!!!!!

    • D.Baskaran 9:43 am on November 1, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      banning anything will only boomarang. what is reqd. is to have a close monitoring so as to ensure that no anti-social element crop in the scrapbook and this can be done by google easily. when ther is a will there must be a way. go ahead!!!

    • Riju 5:41 am on November 18, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      Yahhhhhhh….Its better to bann a community like orkut at present..

      Other wise there is one solution for this pblm is limit its features..
      like 1.ban photos
      2.dont allow to post scrap those who r not accepted friendship
      3.not reveal the posted scraps to all so on

    • sateesh 2:58 pm on December 9, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      Hai i support it to be banned or esle i recommend google to make changes on their orkut project by providing individual security to every user .. this orkut project has lots of beneifts that one can find out anyone .. but as per human psychology is not correct one to be open always in virtual state .. great technology has been misued here .. many cases , many problems …in this project , everything is open …. theres no privacy at all .. so that any sort of problems may araise on every ones lives .. no doubt … i support it to be banned or altered by providing security to scarps and personnel informations …. Thanking u .. its my point of view …

    • Harshad Joshi 5:54 am on December 10, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      @Sateesh

      If all that Google would do is to enable privacy for everything, then I guess that move will spoil the entire concept of digital socializing, which in any case is a crap according to me.

    • Idetrorce 11:23 am on December 15, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      very interesting, but I don’t agree with you
      Idetrorce

    • Bunty 2:31 pm on December 20, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      I think it should be banned as if it has spoiled many people life…..anyone can abuse or tarnish image..and photo session should be banned…
      many people misuse this facility and blackmail others by creating profiles derogatory to that person.

    • Harshad Joshi 5:58 pm on December 20, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      I think that Google now protects the Orkut profile by giving a privacy option. Those who wish to keep their pix open only for friends should try this facility provided.. 🙂

    • Ashu 12:00 pm on December 22, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      some one has posted my number on orkut id ” shruti9811664819(mahima)” and i m getting all non sense calls since today… pls help, i dont know the person in orkut id/or contents but because of my number mentioned i m being harressed. I my self do not have orkut ID infact.

    • Harshad Joshi 5:54 pm on December 22, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      @Ashu

      Sigh… 😦

      I think you should contact your local Police Station and lodge an FIR against the person, you can also request your friends to report the profile as bogus, and for the time being, stop attending unknown calls that do not have place in your contact list

    • ammu 3:12 pm on December 31, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      pls ban orkut as soon as possible……….. There r some ppl who really make cheap comments abt gals…………please please please ban this site orkut………

    • niral 2:40 am on January 15, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      orkut needs to be banned… though aftr banning orkut thrs not gonna change in the world and ppl. bcoz of same as orkut thr is a websites like hi5.com, facebook.com.. many ppl ruined their life bcoz of orkut..
      it should be banned asap as under 18 kids started using orkut…

    • Bilal 9:30 am on February 29, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      Orkut should be banned. It’s causing deaths also. It spoils people. The police is taking a good step.

    • Ranjeet Kumar Chaurasia 11:14 am on April 6, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      hi
      hello
      nice website………orkut………….

    • Achilles 12:54 am on April 11, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      Orkut content needs to be moderated. Lot of objectionable material is being posted there and the site is patronized by the younger generation. Blatant exposure to such material can do more harm than good. Not only Police should take steps in this direction but even we as parents and social groups should take steps in this direction. Sooner the better it would be. Not only orkut but rediff qna is another site where lot of pornographic material is being posted. Issue should be taken up for this site as well.

    • Rakesh 8:11 pm on April 21, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      hi

      Plz ban the Orkut . it is spoiling people
      Please ban it

    • tejaswi 7:22 am on May 16, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      ORKUT WEBSITE MUST BAN. THAT IS RIGHT DECISION BY POLICE. BECOZ ORKUT CAUSES MANY CRIMES LIKE KIKDNAPPINGS, AND MURDERS.. AND CHILDERNS WHOM HAVE NO HOME NET THEY STOLE MONEY FOR USING ORKUT…MANY GIRLS ALSO SUFFERED BY ORKUT.. I ALWAYS FAVOUR ON BAN TO ORKUT

    • Dont Give a Shit 6:51 pm on June 25, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      Man wht is it with you and orkut been ban, i think it is bull shit, and ppl shld be smart enough to use it…com on goddamit!!!!! that is the only way to keep in touch with your buddies… Moreover wht is it with you Indian women (FOR HEAVEN SAKE WOULD YOU PEOPLE JUST GROW UP)

    • Ritesh Pathak 7:05 pm on July 14, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      Why the orkut is not banned yet?

      As i am student.. I see lots of my friends are misusing the Institutional Facilities for their all BAD purposes any if they found any girl they just ask for friendship..

      I prefer to BAN orkut everywhere in the world .. .. ..

      Hey google people listen this carefully.. or there are several ways …

      we could ban you !! …..

    • boby 1:00 am on September 16, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      Hai I like orkut but some ppl misuse orkut name………..baning is not a final word of peace GOOD LUCK

    • democrat 4:54 am on October 4, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      If Government decides to ban orkut then ban Internet also..Because there arise many social networking sites like this..Police should rethink about this issues..Don’t be too foolish.every thing humans discovered has a positive and negative thing that depends upon the user..

    • Supriya 6:24 am on April 14, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      NO, it’s not the solution of this problem

    • bobby 3:45 am on August 15, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      please ban orkut in india please

    • Navdeep 8:03 pm on March 9, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      I read yours comments about orkut. and i m shocked that at this level it can be missuse.. if ppl hvnt sense of humanity then they have no right to make any relation with any one. because these are sites to join the loved ones….. bt these mammals are not able to use…. so i am also suggesting to ban….otherwise strict privacy should be there.

    • adhithiya 6:47 am on April 25, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      it may not be the solution for this kind of problem

    • sanjiv dey 8:32 am on May 13, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      sir, I dont support that orkut should be banned in India but what I feel to some extent there is a risk in using orkut due to spam, spyware & hacking. There are some bad charecter people who are using orkut can do harm or hacking with other users account & profile because this is already happened with me. I am using orkut for the last two week but to my astonishment on yesterday dated 12 May, 2010 I found my own profile & name which I created in orkut has been missing & corrupted by another name of a girl along with a faceless photo of this girl. Who can do this thing ? However I
      Am not a girl but a boy. My own profile has been missing.

    • sanjiv dey 8:59 am on May 13, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      somebody has taken over my orkut profile by changing it with another fictious & doubtful profile and I am not able to fix it up. what should I do ? Please help me.

  • Harshad Joshi 8:28 am on January 30, 2007 Permalink | Reply  

    Happy Birthday Orkut 

    Orkuts third birthday

    Today is Orkuts 3rd birthday.

    The Beginning
    Orkut was quietly launched on January 30, 2004 by Google, the search engine company.
    Orkut Büyükkökten, a Turkish software engineer, developed it as an independent project while working at Google (required by its policy). Some discomfort with this exists among users and potential users of orkut, especially since Google’s other noteworthy product of 2004, the Web-based email client Gmail, had servers scan emails for keywords in order to deliver advertisements targeted at them, which sparked an idea that Google was “reading your email”.

    While previously working for Affinity Engines, he had developed a similar system, InCircle, intended for use by university alumni groups. In late June 2004, Affinity Engines filed suit against Google, claiming that Büyükkökten and Google based orkut on inCircle code. The allegation is based on the presence of 9 identical bugs in orkut that also exist in InCircle. Originally, the orkut community was felt to be elite, because its membership is by invitation only. However, at the end of July 2004 orkut surpassed the 1,000,000 member mark, and at the end of September it surpassed the 2,000,000 mark.

    While the intended invitation method was e-mail between two acquaintances, invitations to orkut are obtainable via the web with a bit of diligence or eBay, just like Gmail invites.
    Orkut’s use as a social tool is complex, because various people frequently try to add strangers to their own pool of friends, more often than not just to increase the number indicating their number of friends next to their name in their profile. Many “add-me” communities exist, solely for this purpose. A large number of bogus, cloned, fake, invisible and “orphaned” profiles also exist.
    As of today; there are
    41,282,563 users on orkut.

    Speed and reliability
    Orkut often is unavailable, producing a “Bad, bad server. ” error message — behavior consistent with that of an underpowered server under heavy load. The outages tend to occur during the day hours in the Americas, home of more than 80% of orkut users.

    Iranian censorship
    Orkut was very popular in Iran, but the website is blocked by the government. As they say, this is due to national security issues, as orkut users have the ability to spread messages rapidly, but the government says it’s due to Islamic ethical issues about dating and match making. To get around this block, sites such as “orkutproxy.xom” (now defunct) were made for Iranian users. Other websites such as Groups likw Yahoo, Google have communities dedicated to receiving updates on the newest location of Iran’s orkut proxy. Though it was once possible to bypass governmental blockage of orkut, the site has closed its HTTPS pages on all anonymous proxies. Now it is almost impossible for ordinary users to visit this site inside Iran.

    In August 2006 UAE followed the footsteps of Iran in blocking the site.

    Demographics of orkut
    The latest information can be obtained from here.

    Some prominent controversies faced by Orkut in these 3 years.

    1. Recently an Indian girl had filed a complaint against a boy who put up her fake profile along with abuses and profanities. But now its gone a step above a notice was issued by the Aurangabad bench of the Bombay High Court to Google’s social networking site Orkut, for spreading “hatred against India.” The Court responded to a public interest litigation (PIL) that took exception to a “We hate India’ community in Orkut. The community, set up by a *Russian, Miraslov Stankovic, states that it is against all those people who are against Pakistan. The community is about having a group of people who have enmity against India because of its oppressive and hostile approach, it says in the description of the community. The number of members of the community as on Thursday was 91, down from 100 the previous day.

    2. A case has been filed against ‘Orkut’ website at Pune for deplorable denigration of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and Lord Rama. An assurance was given by the police to investigate the matter. The case has been filed under article 67 of Information Technology Act and article 505 of Indian Penal Code.

    Actually, whatever may be the problems, its certain now that social networking groups have a long way to go. Lets wish Orkut a happy birthday and hope that it maintains a clean environment.

    A very popular story about Orkut Büyükkökten is circulated on Orkut social networking site through mails and scraps. Its something like the follows

    A guy lost his girlfriend in a train accident,but the gal’s name nowhere appeared in the dead list. This guy grew up n became IT technical architect in his late 20?s, achievement in itself!!He hired developers from the whole globe and plan to make a software where he could search for his gf through the web.Things went as planned n he found her, after losing millions of dollars and 3 long years!!

    It was time to shut down the search operation, when the CEO of Google had a word with this guy n took over this application.This Software made a whopping 1 billion dollars profit in its first year,which we today know as ORKUT.

    The guy’s name is ORKUT BUYUKKOTEN.Yes its named after him only.Today he is paid a hefty sum by Google for the things we do like scrapping.He is expected to b the richest person by 2009.ORKUT BUYUKKOTEN today has 13 assistants to monitor his scrapbook & 8 to monitor his friends-list. He gets around 20,000 friend-requests a day & about 85,000 scraps!!!

    Some more cool facts about him

    He gets $12 from Google when every person registers to this website.

    • He also gets $10 when you add somebody as a friend.
    • He gets $8 when your friend’s friend adds you as a friend & gets $6 if

    anybody adds you as friend in the resulting chain.

    • He gets $5 when you scrap somebody & $4 when somebody scraps you.
    • He also gets $200 for each photograph you upload on Orkut.
    • He gets $2.5 when you add your friend in the crush-list or in the hot-list.
    • He gets $2 when you become somebody’s fan.
    • He gets $1.5 when somebody else becomes your fan.
    • He even gets $1 every time you logout of Orkut.
    • He gets $0.5 every time you just change your profile-photograph.
    • He also gets $0.5 every time you read your friend’s scrap-book & $0.5 every time

    you view your friend’s friend-list.

    “Moral of the story”?
    LOSE U R GIRLFRIEND AND MAKE BILLIONS !!!!

    I dont know if its real or unreal, its very much of a bollywood type thing. Who knows?? 😛

    Dont believe me?? Well..you can take a look at Orkut Büyükkökten  (Orkuts) official profile on Orkut.. 😀

    Here is a list of Orkut Büyükkökten s research papers

    Dont get sade if you are not able to make any sense out of any of this material. I tell ye – You are not alone.. 😛

    Notes:

    • Not sure of origins. Information based on the profile.
     
    • Antibush 6:41 am on February 13, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      Bush goes ballistic about other countries being evil and dangerous, because they have weapons of mass destruction. But, he insists on building up even a more deadly supply of nuclear arms right here in the US. What do you think? Is killing thousands of innocent civilians okay when you are doing a little government makeover?
      What happened to us, people? When did we become such lemmings?
      We have lost friends and influenced no one. No wonder most of the world thinks we suck. Thanks to what george bush has done to our country during the past three years, we do!

    • John 11:21 am on February 22, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      “LOSE U R GIRLFRIEND AND MAKE BILLIONS !!!!” – then nobody in this world might be poor ; )

    • Ishmail 1:19 pm on May 22, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      cool

    • Ishmail 1:20 pm on May 22, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      I’m happy

    • Pranay 1:17 pm on August 10, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      plz refer to the biggest info stack of world so called internet n see that orkut is a married guy to another guy ie..he is GAY…
      see it urself
      http://devilsworkshop.org/orkut-buyukkokten-creator-of-orkut-marries-his-boyfriend/

  • Harshad Joshi 3:05 pm on January 19, 2007 Permalink | Reply  

    1 year of blogging 

    Gosh..Its my blogs 1st birthday today. Happy birthday little blog. 😛

     
  • Harshad Joshi 3:36 pm on September 24, 2006 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Bajirao, , Peshwa, ,   

    Shrimant Bajirao Peshwa 

    Shrimanta Bajirao Peshwa, the man who never lost a battle.

    Shrimant Baji Rao Vishwanath Bhatt (August 18, 1699- April 25, 1740), also known as Baji Rao I, was a noted general who served as Peshwa (Prime Minister) to the fourth Maratha Chhatrapati (King) Shahu between 1719 until Baji Rao’s death. He is also known as Thorala (Marathi for Elder) Baji Rao.

    Baji Rao was the son of the first Bhatt family Peshwa – Balaji Vishwanath. At the tender age of 17,he was appointed by Shahu as Peshwa upon the death of his father, keeping aside all other claimants.Thus making the position of Peshwa hereditary in the Bhatt family.It is quite clear from this appointement that Shahu recognised the talent of this boy and reared him as peshwa.Bajirao was well trained by the maratha cavalry generals who have distinguished in the war of 27 years.Perhaps his early association with these maratha cavalry made him a part and parcel of them.Like Shivaji or Dhanaji Jadhav, Bajirao was popular with his soldiers and even today his name is a honorable one in countryside.

    • Baji Rao, who fought over 36 battles, is reputed to have never lost one.
    • He was one of the first to understand and exploit the fragmenting Mughal Empire, following the footsteps of his father. The declining influence of the Sayyid brothers at the Imperial court was another factor influencing his decision to attack.
    • The later Kingdoms of Scindias (Ranoji) of Gwalior, Holkars (Malharrao) of Indore, Gaekwads (Pilaji) of Baroda, and Pawars (Udaiji) of Dhar were Baji Rao’s creation of a Maratha confederacy as he wreaked havoc on the disintegrating Mughal Empire and set up his jahagirdars (governors).
    • He moved the administrative capital of the Maratha Empire from Satara to the new city of Pune in 1728 with permission of his master. His general, Bapuji Shripat persuaded some of the richer families of Satara to settle in the new city, which was divided into 18 peths (boroughs).

    His famous quotes are –
    “Remember that night has nothing to do with sleep. It was created by God, to raid territory held by your enemy. The night is your shield, your screen against the cannons and swords of vastly superior enemy forces.”

    Download this fantastic booka_history_of_the_mahrattas

    Info courtesy – Wikipedia.

     
    • xyz 8:59 am on January 12, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      i am a south indian brahmana who has the highest respect for the people of maharashtra and their culture.It seems to me ,as to many others,to be the best synthesis so far achieved of the “aryan” and southern cultures of our land.

      maharashtrians have an essential earthiness and simplicity reinforced by a basic honesty and goodness.Also by wholeheartedly accepting sanskrit,they have access to the riches of the great language.Only in marathi is there a faithful commentary of the “Bhagavad Gita” by the great saint Jnanadeva.

      Maharashtra can legitimately be proud of Shivaji Maharaj,Phule,Dr. Ambedkar,Gokhale,Tilak,Bhandarkar and others.particularly the valiant fight against mughals and social reform in the modern age.

      But how can non maharashtrians ,paricularly those in areas conquered by marathas,have any emotional attachment to rule essentially by one linguistic group?

      many maharashtrians,particularly in pune,seem to miss the difference between hindu and maratha rule.

      marathas were and are hindus.maratha rule was hindu rule.but it belongs to the past.we should draw inspiration from it.but today we are governed by different values.your post can be misunderstood.

      • Mukund Gulavani 1:03 pm on August 28, 2010 Permalink | Reply

        1st Bajirao Peshwa was a great Warrior after Chha. Shivaji Maharaj. I would like know more about his biography and history.Please give me.

        • shraddha 6:05 pm on December 19, 2010 Permalink | Reply

          hi.. if u want more information about him.. u can join our Facebook community श्रीमंत बाजीराव पेशवे
          n here is the link
          http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=141958149167056..
          n more u can suggest your friends to join this…
          v a nice time

          • kamlesh 5:12 pm on March 4, 2012 Permalink | Reply

            this link is not working

    • Mayur 9:29 am on September 3, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      Perception differs!…..

      • sanjay 12:22 pm on June 17, 2010 Permalink | Reply

        hi mayur tu ETV cha program baghtos ka.?
        attach navin program ahe shrimant bajirao peshwa?

      • sanjay 12:24 pm on June 17, 2010 Permalink | Reply

        बाजीरावाच्या आयुष्यातील ठळक घटना.
        १७०० ऑगस्ट १८ – (भाद्र. शु. १५) बाजीरावाचा जन्म.
        १७१८ जुलै १ – बाळाजी विश्वनाथाबरोबर दिल्लीस निघाला.
        १७१९ फेब्रु २८ – दिल्लीस मुक्काम.
        १७२० मार्च २० – कोल्हापूर युद्ध.
        एप्रिल २ – बाळाजी विश्वनाथ यांचा मृत्यू.
        एप्रिल १७ – मसूर येथे बाजीरावास पेशवे पदाची वस्त्रे मिळाली.
        १७२१ जानेवारी ४ – चिखलठाण येथे निजामाची भेट.
        मार्च ७ – सुरतेवर स्वारी.
        १७२२ डिसेंबर ५ – ऐवजखानाची भेट.
        १७२३ फेब्रु. १३ – बदकशा येथे निजाम भेट.
        मार्च – भोपाळच्या दोस्त महमदाचा पराभव. त्याचा हत्ती घेतला.
        १७२४ मार्च १४ – लांबकानीचे युद्ध.
        १७२४ ऑक्टोबर – साखरखेडल्याचे युद्ध.
        १७२८ फेब्रु. २५ – पालखेडच्या युद्धात निजामाचा पराभव.
        मार्च ३१ – स्वारीहून परत.
        १७२९ मार्च १३ – धामोरा येथे छत्रसालाची भेट.
        एप्रिल – बंगषाला वेढा आणि पराभव.
        एप्रिल २८ – सुपे (बुंदेलखंड येथे कायमखानाचे लष्कर लुटले.
        १७३१ एप्रिल १ – डभई (गुजरात) त्रिंबकराव दाभाडय़ास मारले.
        एप्रिल – बाजीरावाच्या सैन्याशी निजामाची चकमक.
        १७३२ फेब्रु. १२ – सेखोजी आंग्रे भेट.
        १७३३ एप्रिल ६ – जंजिऱ्यावर स्वारी.
        मे २५ – मंडणगड किल्ला घेतला.
        १७३४ मे – खानदेशकडील स्वारी.
        १७३५ फेब्रु ४ – मानाजी आंग्रे यांच्या मदतीसाठी कुलाब्यास प्रयाण.
        जुलै ६ – मल्हारराव होळकर, राणोजी शिंदे राजपुतान्यात विजयी होऊन पुण्यास आले तेव्हा बाजीराव घोरपडीपावेतो सामोरा गेला.
        १७३६ फेब्रु ४ – उदेपूर येथील जलमंदिरास भेट.
        फेब्रु. १५ – किशनगड नजीक सवाई जयसिंगाची भेट.
        १७३७ मार्च २९ – दिल्लीचा पुरा जाळला.
        १७३८ जाने. – भोपाळचे युद्ध व तह.
        १७३९ फेब्रु. ११ – नादिरशहाच्या वर्तमानावरून पुण्याहून उत्तरेकडे स्वारी.
        मे २२ – जेनाबाद येथे न

        Reply

        • shraddha 5:58 pm on December 19, 2010 Permalink | Reply

          hi.. friends…
          i v good knowledge about bajirao peshave..
          but i need to confirm one thing abt him… n that is … is it true “Mastani was her wife”?
          because some where it is written as not n some serial is showing is yes..

          • pratik 2:11 pm on January 31, 2012 Permalink | Reply

            Dear Shraddha,
            m rite now reading panipat by vishwas patil..would like to know about bajirao peshawe.. you know any perticular book that will give complete information about them.. like shriman yogi gives the complete information about shri shivaji maharaj..thanks

          • Raviraj 8:39 am on November 7, 2012 Permalink | Reply

            Hi.. there is no doubt about that.. she was his second wife.. the Maharaja of Bundelkhand’s daughter.. they got married when Bajirao saved Bundelkhand from the Mughal’s.. it has been wrongly believed for many years that she was his mistress.. careful what you read/believe.. some novels may provide the wrong or somewhat altered information depending on the plot… Good that you’re atleast confirming..

    • Swapnil Bhalerao 7:15 am on October 9, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      i want the insignia of bajirao peshwa for some assignment purpose, so can you just give me the reference.

      thanx

      • shripad kulkarni 10:05 am on June 24, 2009 Permalink | Reply

        ज्या बुंदेलखंडाची लाज वाचवायला बाजी धावून गेला, त्या बाजीचीच लाज राखण्याची वेळ येऊन ठेपली आहे. ज्यानं कधी पराभव पाहिला नाही, ज्यानं आपल्या मनगटानं दिल्ली काबीज केली आणि इराणपर्यंतच्या पातशाह्या हलवल्या, त्या जगातल्या एकमेव अजेय, अपराजित योद्धय़ाची समाधी बुडिताखाली जातेय आणि आपण सारे या इतिहासाचा आणि परंपरेचा वारसा सांगणारे इथे मनगटं चावत बसलोय. पराक्रमाच्या बाबतीत शिवाजीच्या तोडीस तोड असूनही मराठय़ांच्या इतिहासात थोरला बाजीराव पेशवा हा तसा ‘अनसन्ग हीरो’च म्हणावा लागेल. सध्याच्या मनोरंजनाच्या युगात तर बाजीराव-मस्तानी ही हिंदू पाश्र्वभूमीवरची लव्हस्टोरी म्हणून सादर केली जात आहे. त्यामुळे थोरल्या बाजीरावाच्या ऐतिहासिक पराक्रमी प्रतिमेचं प्रचंड नुकसान झालं. बाजीरावातला योद्धा झाकोळला गेला आणि एक प्रेमज्वरग्रस्त पेशवा तेवढाच सामोरा आला. मस्तानी हे बाजीरावाच्या आयुष्यातलं रोमॅण्टिक पर्व जरूर असलं तरी त्यावरून बाजीरावाला छंदीफंदी चौकटीत बसवणं अन्यायकारक होईल. इतिहासकारांच्या दृष्टिने बाजीरावाचं मूल्यमापन प्रचंड मोठं आहे. मराठेशाहीला साम्राज्यवादाची चव दाखवणारा हा पहिलाच सेनापती. नर्मदेच्या पलिकडे मराठी घोडदळ नेणारा हा पहिलाच धुरंधर. चारशे वर्षांच्या यवनी अंमलानंतर दक्षिणेतून जाऊन दिल्ली काबीज करणारा बाजीराव हा पहिलाच रणसेनानी. बाजीराव हा जगाच्या इतिहासातला एकमेव अजेय योद्धा मानला जातो. अ मॅन हू नेव्हर लॉस्ट अ बॅटल, असं त्याचं वर्णन केलं जातं. आपल्या अवघ्या २० वर्षांच्या कारकीर्दीत बाजीरावाने ३५ महत्त्वाच्या लढाया केल्या आणि सर्व लढायांमध्ये तो जिंकला. त्याला हरवणं त्याच्या काळातल्या मातब्बर शत्रूंनाही जमलं नाही. पराक्रमासाठी आणि विजयासाठी ‘बाजी’ हा शब्दप्रयोग तेव्हापासून रुढ झाला. बाजीराव जर उत्तरेत घुसला नसता आणि त्याने गुजरात, माळवा, बुंदेलखंड जिंकून नर्मदा आणि विंध्य पर्वत यातील सर्व मार्ग आपल्या कब्जात घेतले नसते तर पुन्हा एकदा अल्लाउद्दीन खिलजी, अकबर किंवा औरंगजेबासारखा उत्तरेतला शासक प्रचंड सेना घेऊन दक्षिणेत उतरला असता आणि संभाजीच्या हत्येची किंवा राजारामाच्या पळापळीची दुसरी आवृत्ती निघाली असती. बाजीरावाने आपल्या पराक्रमाने ही आपत्ती कायमची दूर केली. बाजीरावाने भीमथडीची तट्टे नर्मदापार नेल्यापासून उत्तरेकडचे काबुली घोडे दक्षिणेत यायचे कायमचे बंद झाले. बाजीरावाने उत्तरेत शिंदे, होळकर, बांडे, पवार, खेर हे मराठा सरदार वसवले आणि त्यामुळे ग्वाल्हेर, इंदौर, देवास आदी संस्थानं उदयास आली. बाजीरावाच्या राज्यविस्ताराच्या मोहिमेचा पुढच्या इतिहासावर असा सुयोग्य परिणाम झाला, याचं आकलन आज आपल्याला होऊ शकतं. पण सर्वसामान्य लोकांपर्यंत ते कधी पोहोचलंच नाही. मराठय़ांच्या इतिहासातला हा रांगडा पंडितप्रधान उपेक्षित राहिला. वयाच्या विसाव्या वर्षीच पेशवेपदाची वस्त्रं ल्यायलेल्या बाजीरावाला आयुष्य मिळालं केवळ ४० वर्षांचं. अवघ्या वीस वर्षांच्या त्याच्या कारकीर्दीत तो मुलुखगिरीसाठी अधिककाळ बाहेर राहिला. त्याचा अंतही माळव्यातल्या नर्मदातटावरच्या रावेरखेडीला झाला. त्यामुळे मराठी मनाने या योद्धय़ाचं अपेक्षित ऋण मान्य करताना बराचसा कद्रुपणा दाखवला. बाजीरावाचा संदर्भ आता अचानक येण्याचं कारण या उपेक्षेचंच. २८ एप्रिल १७४० रोजी (वैशाख शुद्ध त्रयोदशी १६६२) रावेरखेडीजवळ उष्माघाताने बाजीरावाचं निधन झालं. बाजीरावाच्या विरहाने त्याच्यासोबत एका हत्तीने आणि घोडय़ानेही अन्नपाणी वज्र्य करत प्राण सोडला. बाजीरावासह प्राण सोडलेल्या हत्तीची आणि घोडय़ाची थडगीही नर्मदेच्या पात्रात आहेत. जिथे बाजीरावाला अखेरचा निरोप दिला गेला तिथे नर्मदातटावर नानासाहेबाने ग्वाल्हेर संस्थानच्या देखरेखीखाली बाजीरावाची वृंदावन स्वरूपातील एक समाधी बांधली. बाजीरावाच्या अस्थि या समाधीस्थळी असल्याचं बोललं जातं. १९२५ सालापासून दरवर्षी बाजीरावाच्या समाधीस्थळी उत्सव आयोजित केला जातोय. तेव्हा इंदौरचं मल्हारराव-बाजीराव उत्सव मंडळ याकामी पुढाकार घेत होतं. १९ मे १९४० रोजी बाजीरावाच्या २००व्या पुण्यस्मरणाच्या निमित्ताने इथे पारतंत्र्यात असतानाही मोठय़ा कार्यक्रमाचं आयोजन करण्यात आलं होतं. त्यानंतर अगदी आतापर्यंत विविध संस्था आणि इतिहासप्रेमी रावेरखेडीला येत असतात. साधारणत: २८ एप्रिल ही तारीख धरूनच अधिकांश लोक अगदी जगभरातून इथे येतात. बाजीरावाच्या पराक्रमाचे पोवाडे इथे गायले जातात. बाजीरावाच्या स्मृतिला अभिवादन केलं जातं. मात्र वृंदावनस्वरूपातील या समाधीचं दर्शन घेण्याचा हा शेवटचा ऋतू म्हणावा लागेल. नर्मदेच्या तटानजीक बऱ्यापैकी उंचावर असलेली ही समाधी येत्या पावसाळ्यात पाण्याखाली जाणार आहे. जवळच असलेल्या महेश्वर धरण प्रकल्पामुळे (इंदिरा गांधी सागर परियोजना) रावेरखेडी हे बुडित क्षेत्रात येत असून समाधीसह इतर अनेक भाग सप्टेंबर महिन्यानंतर पाण्याखाली जाणार आहे. ही समाधी वाचवली जावी म्हणून इंदौरवासी अनेक लोक सातत्याने प्रयत्न करतायत. महेश्वर बांध परियोजना हा मध्य प्रदेश सरकारचा एक महत्त्वाचा धरण प्रकल्प आहे. २०११ साली ही योजना कार्यान्वित होणार आहे. मात्र धरणाची सध्याची उंची आणि त्यामुळे पसरणारं बॅकवॉटर याचा अंदाज घेऊन प्रकल्प अधिकाऱ्यांकडून बुडित क्षेत्रात जाणाऱ्या घरांवर दोन क्रमांकाचा बिल्ला लावला आहे. आर्कियॉलॉजिकल सव्‍‌र्हे ऑफ इंडियाच्या देखरेखीखाली असल्यामुळे वृंदावन आणि ग्वाल्हेर संस्थानाने भोवताली बांधलेली धर्मशाळा या बांधकामावर काही बिल्ला लागलेला नाही. मात्र समाधीच्या पातळीच्या वर असलेल्या काही घरांवर मात्र दोन क्रमांक चिकटला आहे. समाधीस्थळी साधारण साडेतीन फुटांवर प्रकल्प अधिकाऱ्यांकडून एक लाल रंगाची रेष काढण्यात आली आहे. समाधीस्थळावर पाणी फक्त साडेतीन फूट इतकेच येईल असं प्रकल्पवाले आणि पुरातत्त्व विभागवाले म्हणतायत. धरणाच्या पाण्यामुळे समाधी पाण्याखाली जाणार हे माहीत असूनही गेल्या काही महिन्यांमध्ये या समाधीजवळच्या बांधकामाच्या डागडुजीवर सुमारे ७० लाख रुपये खर्च झाल्याचंही सांगण्यात येत आहे. या ७० लाखांच्या खर्चाचं समर्थन करण्यासाठी प्रत्यक्षात समाधीस्थळ पाण्याखाली जाणारच नाही असा पवित्रा घेतला जात असल्याचंही बोललं जातंय. इंदौरची ‘श्री बाजीराव पेशवा (प्रथम) स्मृति प्रतिष्ठान’ ही संस्था पुण्यातील काही मान्यवरांच्या साथीने बाजीराव समाधीच्या जतनाच्या मुद्दय़ावर काम करत आहेत. या संस्थेचे तरुण सचिव श्रीपाद कुळकर्णी हे सर्वाना घेऊन काम करत आहेत. त्यांनी दिल्लीतल्या पुरातत्त्व खात्यापासून ते मध्य प्रदेशातील मंत्रीगणांपर्यंत अनेकांना या समाधीसंबंधी जागरूक करण्याचा प्रयत्न चालवला आहे. श्रीपाद कुळकर्णी सांगतात, ‘आम्ही बांध प्रकल्प प्राधिकरणाला सातत्याने सांगतोय की आम्हाला पाणी इतकंच येईल हे लेखी द्या. पण लेखी कुणी द्यायला तयार नाहीत. बुडित क्षेत्राची लाल रेघ ते आखून गेले आहेत. पण ती लाल रेघ म्हणजे काही लक्ष्मणरेषा नाही. आम्ही मागच्या वर्षी इतर ठिकाणी अशा लाल रेघेच्या वर पंधरा फूट पाणी गेल्याचं पाहिलं आहे. त्यामुळे समाधीस्थळ पाण्याखाली जाण्याचा मोठाच धोका निर्माण झाला आहे. हे बांधकाम सुमारे अडीचशे र्वष जुनं आहे. त्यामुळे एकदा इथे पाणी घुसलं की त्या पाण्याच्या दबावात हे वृंदावन टिकणार नाही. पण पुरातत्त्व विभाग हे मान्य करत नाही.’ श्रीपाद सांगत होते. अर्थात या प्रदेशातील आदिवासी संघटनाही या धरणाविरोधात आवाज उठवू लागल्या आहेत. पाण्याचं दुर्भिक्ष्य असलेल्या या प्रदेशात या धरणामुळे लाभ होणार असला तरी प्रकल्पविरोधक आणि प्रकल्प समर्थक यांच्या साठमारीत बाजीरावाच्या समाधीचा प्रश्न रेंगाळू नये अशी इथल्या अनेकांची इच्छा आहे. इथल्या पुरातत्त्व विभागाने मात्र समाधी पाण्याखाली जाणार नाही असं छातीठोकपणे पत्राद्वारे नमूद केलं आहे. मोहम्मद के. के., एन. के. भारद्वाज या आर्कियॉलॉजिकल सव्‍‌र्हेच्या पर्यवेक्षकांनी इंदिरा गांधी सागर परियोजनेच्या अधिकाऱ्यांसह या ठिकाणी निरीक्षण करून असा निष्कर्ष काढला आहे की या स्मारकाच्या आसपास साधारण एक ते दोन मीटर एवढंच पाणी राहील. वास्तू पूर्णत: पाण्याखाली बुडत नसल्यामुळे तिला कुठलीही हानी पोहचणार नाही, असं त्यांचं म्हणणं आहे. एक रिटेनिंग वॉल बनवून या वास्तूचं संरक्षण करता येईल असंही त्यांनी सुचवलं आहे. वीट आणि मसालेदार प्लास्टरने या स्मारकाचं काम केलेलं असल्यामुळे स्मारकाचं स्थानांतरण योग्य होणार नाही असंही त्यांचं म्हणणं आहे. पुरातत्त्व विभागाचं हे पत्र सोबत छापलेलं आहे. मात्र मुळात स्मारक आणि स्मारकाशी निगडित लोकभावना यांची सांगडच पुरातत्त्व विभाग घालत नाही हा त्यांचा नेहमीचा दोष आहे. स्मारक हे प्रेरणादायी वास्तू म्हणून नेहमीच लोकांना अ‍ॅक्सिसिबल राहाणं आवश्यक असतं. काँक्रिटच्या संरक्षक भिंतीमुळे स्मारकाच्या सौंदर्यात फरक पडणार नाही, असं पुरातत्त्व विभागाला वाटतंय. नर्मदेच्या पाण्याच्या बहावात या अडीचशे वर्षांपूर्वीच्या वास्तूचा सहज पाडाव लागेल, असंही त्यांना खात्रीनं वाटतंय. या स्मारकाला काँक्रिटचा बुरखा घालून तो टिकवून ठेवण्याचा प्रयत्न एएसआयवाले का करू पाहात आहेत हे कळायला मार्ग नाही. जगात अनेक ठिकाणी यापेक्षाही जुनी बांधकामं कौशल्याने स्थानांतरित करून पुनस्र्थापित केली गेलेली आहेत. पूर्णत: पाण्याखाली गेल्यावर हे स्मारक टिकून राहील याची काहीही खात्री नाही. इंदिरा गांधी सागर परियोजनेचे अधिकारी मात्र पाण्याच्या पातळीबद्दल छातीठोकपणे सांगायला तयार नाहीत. अशाप्रसंगी हे स्मारक योग्य स्थळी हलवणे हाच सुयोग्य पर्याय होता. बाजीरावाच्या समाधीस्थळाचं स्थानांतरण हा विषय घेऊन मागच्या वर्षी पुण्यात दोन पत्रकार परिषदा झाल्या होत्या. मात्र दोन लागोपाठच्या परिषदांमध्ये परस्पर विरोधी सूर आळवले गेले आणि नेहमीप्रमाणे मराठी माणसाचं पायात पाय घालणं दृगोचर झालं. मात्र दरम्यानच्या काळात तरुण पिढीतल्या काही प्रतिनिधींनी तडफेने हा प्रश्न लावून धरला. पैकी पुण्यातलं संदीप खर्डेकर हे महत्त्वाचं नाव. क्रिएटिव्ह फाऊंडेशनचे अध्यक्ष असलेले संदीप खर्डेकर स्मारकांच्या अनास्थेविषयी नेहमीच जागृतीचा झेंडा घेऊन असतात. संदीप सांगतात, ‘श्रीमंत बाजीराव पेशवे यांच्या समाधीस्थळासंबंधी इंदौरच्याच लोकांचं काम मोठं आहे. आम्ही इथे फक्त मान्यवरांना गाठून दबावगट तयार करतो आहोत. जर या समाधीस्थळाच्या स्थानांतरणासंबंधी मध्य प्रदेश सरकारकडे आर्थिक मदत कमी पडत असेल तर महाराष्ट्र सरकारने ती द्यावी म्हणून आम्ही प्रयत्न करणार आहोत. ज्या ग्रेसफुली बाजीराव पेशवे जगले त्याच ग्रेसफुली त्यांचं स्मारक तिथे व्हावं अशी आम्हा सगळ्यांची इच्छा आहे.’ संदीप सांगत होते. अर्थात नर्मदेच्या पुराने समाधीस्थळाच्या उंचीवर येऊन भिंतीला धडका मारणं हे काही नवीन नाही. विसाव्या शतकाच्या सुरुवातीला भूकंपाच्या धक्क्याने स्मारकाच्या वास्तूस चिरा पडल्या होत्या. तेव्हाच्या ब्रिटिशकालीन पुराणवस्तू संशोधन खात्याचे डिरेक्टर जनरल रा. ब. दीक्षित यांनी त्या तातडीने नीट करवून घेतल्या होत्या. स्मारकाच्या पायथ्याशी नदीच्या बाजूने एक संरक्षक भिंत तेव्हाच बांधली गेली होती. नर्मदेच्या पुरात ती वाहून जाण्याचा धोका वारंवार उद्भवला होता. गेल्या शतकापासून नर्मदा या स्मारकाला धडका मारत्येय. आता तर इथले चिरे जुने झालेत. हे स्मारक हलवून अधिक उंचावर घेऊन जावं असा इथे येणाऱ्या अनेक लोकांचा आग्रह आहे. मध्य प्रदेशातील पूर्वीच्या खरगोण जिल्ह्यातील आणि आजच्या बडवाह जिल्ह्यातील रावेरखेडी हे एक अत्यंत दुर्गम खेडं. रावेरखेडीला भेट देताना जिथे बैलगाडी जाणंही कठीण अशा रस्त्यावरून जावं लागतं. तरीही २८ एप्रिल रोजी स्मारकाच्या बाहेर पंचवीस-एक जीप उभ्या होत्या. स्वयंप्रेरणेनं अनेक लोक तिथे आले होते. इंदौरच्या स्मृति प्रतिष्ठानच्या वतीने इतिहासप्रेमी आणि अभ्यासक निनाद बेडेकर यांचं व्याख्यान तिथे होतं. ३० तारखेला मतदान असल्यामुळे आचारसंहितेच्या छायेत इथे मध्य प्रदेशच्या भाजपप्रणीत सरकारकडून कुणी प्रतिनिधी येऊ शकला नव्हता, त्यामुळे संघपरिवारातील व्यक्ती आणि संस्था थोडय़ा नाउमेद झाल्या होत्या. तरीही विनायक देशपांडे, कृष्णकुमार अस्थाना, सुधाकर एकतारे, मुकेश जैन आदी ज्येष्ठ कार्यकर्त्यांचा ४७ डिग्री तापमानातला उत्साहही वाखाणण्याजोगा होता. अर्थात या वयस्कांसह जीन्स आणि टीशर्टमध्ये आलेले अनेक तरुण पिढीचे प्रतिनिधीही इथे दिसत होते. आणि ते बाजीरावाविषयी आस्थेने जाणून घेत होते. सगुण भडकमकर हा तरुण थेट कल्याणहून आपली स्कॉर्पियो चालवत सुमारे ७०० किलोमीटर अंतर कापत रावेरखेडी आला होता. इथे बाजीरावाचं पुण्यस्मरण करण्यासाठी एवढय़ा लांबून येण्याचं नेमकं प्रयोजन काय असं त्याला विचारल्यावर सगुण सांगू लागला,‘बाजीराव हा आजच्या पिढीला अधिक भावणारा ऐतिहासिक हीरो आहे. तो पराक्रमी, रगेल, रंगेल होताच; पण जे काम त्याने हाती घेतलं ते अत्यंत निष्ठेनं तडीस नेलं. तो संवेदनशील होता, पण भावनेत अडकून पडणारा नव्हता. बुद्धिने नियोजन करून, स्वत:चं कमीत कमी नुकसान करत त्याने आपल्या लढाया जिंकल्या. तो लढाई जिंकण्यासाठीच लढत असे. ही मानसिकता आजच्या मराठी तरुणाने अंगी बाणवायला पाहिजे. बाजीरावाला खरी श्रद्धांजली देता यावी म्हणून आम्ही वाहन घेऊन इथपर्यंत आलो. अशा दुर्गम ठिकाणी त्याकाळात घोडेस्वारी करत बाजीराव कसा येत असेल याचं कुतुहल होतंच. घोडेस्वारीचं त्याचं कौशल्य अफाट असावं. इथे नर्मदेत आंघोळ करून बाजीरावाच्या पराक्रमी आठवणींना उजाळा देऊनच आम्ही परत जाऊ.’ सगुण सांगत होता. रावेरखेडीला प्रदीप दळवी नावाचे एक सिनेप्रोडय़ूसरही सपत्नीक येऊन डेरेदाखल झाले होते. प्रदीप दळवी आता बाजीराव-मस्तानीच्या प्रेमकथेवर एक मराठी चित्रपटाची सिद्धता करत आहेत. ‘बाजीराव-मस्तानीच्या प्रेमकथेवरचा माझा चित्रपट पूर्णत: वेगळा असणार आहे. कुणाला न दुखावता किंवा इतिहासातील तथ्यांशी विजोड असं कुठलंही कृत्य न करता मी हा सिनेमा करतोय. त्यासाठी मी अनेक इतिहासप्रेमींची आणि अभ्यासकांची मतंही जाणून घेत आहे.’ प्रदीप दळवींनी आपल्या येण्याचं प्रयोजन व्यक्त केलं. समाधीस्थळी त्यांनी आपल्या सिनेमाचा संकल्प केला आणि इतकी मराठी माणसं इथे उपस्थित होत आहेत याबद्दल आनंदही व्यक्त केला. प्रफुल्लचंद्र तावडे हे पुण्यातील एक कलंदर व्यक्तिमत्त्व. तावडे हे इतिहासप्रेमी आहेत. ते सदैव इतिहासातच रमलेले असतात. बाजीराव हा त्यांच्या अत्यंत प्रेमाचा विषय. तावडे रावेरखेडीला वारंवार येत असतात. तावडे स्वत:च एक दबावगट आहेत. संस्था आणि संघटनांच्या कोंदणात तावडेंसारख्या कलंदर व्यक्तिमत्त्वाला बसवणं कठीण असतं. त्यामुळे तावडे सर्वाशी फटकून असतात आणि तावडेंचा तोफखाना अंगावर घ्यायला कुणी तयार नसतं. मात्र तावडेंकडे अत्यंत मौलिक माहिती असते. तावडे सांगतात, ‘बाजीरावाची समाधी जरी नर्मदा तटावर असली तरी इथे या टेकडीवर जिथे छावणी होती तिथेच बाजीरावाचं वास्तव्य असायचं. त्यामुळे जर समाधीस्थळ पाण्याखाली गेलं तर बाजीरावाचं स्मारक करायचं झाल्यास या छावणीस्थळीच ते व्हायला हवं. इथे काही जोती आता दिसतात. पुरातत्त्व विभाग इथे काही उत्खनन करू पाहतोय. खरं तर या प्रवेशद्वाराचं संवर्धन केलं तर इथे बाजीरावाचं सुंदर स्मारक उभं राहू शकेल. मात्र त्यासाठी सर्व व्यक्तींनी आणि संस्थांनी राजकारण मध्ये न आणता काम करायला हवंय.’ या छावणीविषयी अधिक माहिती स्मृति प्रतिष्ठानचे सचिव श्रीपाद कुळकर्णी यांनाही विचारली. त्यावर ते म्हणाले, ‘पुरातत्त्व विभागवाले इथे उत्खनन करायचं म्हणतायत, पण ही त्यांची वेळ घालवण्याची नीती असावी असं वाटतंय. खाली समाधीस्थळावर १६ फूट उंचीची संरक्षण भिंत बांधून ती वाचवण्यावर त्यांचा भर आहे. म्हणजे पुन्हा भिंतीसाठी ‘खर्च’ करण्याची त्यांची मानसिकता आहे. इथे वर आम्हाला परवानगी मिळाली तर श्रीमंत बाजीराव पेशवे यांचा पुतळा तसेच त्यांच्या सामरिक युद्धनीतीविषयी प्रदर्शनीय दालन उभारण्याचा मानस आहे. बाजीराव पेशवे यांच्या नावाने एक सैनिकी शाळाही इथे उभारावी असा काही लोकांचा आग्रह आहे.’ आज जिथे धड रस्ताही नाही तिथे बाजीराव या रावेरखेडीसारख्या दुर्गमस्थळी का आला असा प्रश्न आपल्याला पडतो. त्यावर उत्तर देताना श्रीपाद सांगतात, ‘आज अडीचशे वर्षांनंतर आपल्याला हा प्रदेश दुर्गम वाटतोय. पूर्वी हा भाग मराठय़ांचा चुंगी नाका होता. तेव्हा प्रवास सहजसाध्य नसायचा. एकटा-दुकटा यात्रेकरू तर प्रवासही करू धजायचा नाही. सैन्यासोबत किंवा एकत्रित येऊन यात्रेकरू प्रवास करायचे. त्यावेळी नर्मदा नदी पार करणं सोपं नव्हतं. ही बारमाही वाहणारी नदी आहे. फक्त उन्हाळ्यातले चार महिने ती सैन्याला काही ठिकाणाहून ओलांडता यायची. आज जे पात्र दिसतंय ते थोडं वेगळं होतं. नर्मदा रावेरखेडीजवळ थोडी उथळ होती. त्यामुळे नावा उपडय़ा बांधून ठेवून सैन्य किंवा इतर लवाजमा इथून नर्मदा ओलांडत असे. मराठे इथे चुंगी म्हणजे टोल वसूल करत असत. म्हणून ही छावणी इथे होती. इथल्या कचेरीत मनसबदार, सुभेदार बसत. हा इलाखा तेव्हा खूप महत्त्वाचा असणार. कारण उत्तरेत जायचा हाच एक महत्त्वाचा मार्ग तेव्हा होता.’ इतिहासाचे गाढे अभ्यासक निनाद बेडेकर हेही रावेरखेडीस येथे भेटले. बाजीरावाचं उमदेपण सांगताना तसंच बाजीरावाच्या युद्धकौशल्याचे दाखले देताना बेडेकर म्हणाले, ‘बाजीरावाच्या युद्धकौशल्याची जाणीव आपल्याकडे नाही. पण अमेरिकन लष्कर आजही ती जाणीव ठेवून आहे. लष्करी डावपेच आणि रणनीतीच्या अभ्यासक्रमात आजही बाजीरावाने निजामाविरुद्ध १७२८ मध्ये पालखेड इथे केलेली लढाई अमेरिकन सैनिकांना शिकवली जाते. त्यासाठी पालखेडचं कायमस्वरूपी मॉडेलच तयार केलं गेलेलं आहे. बाजीरावाने निजामाला कसं घुमवलं आणि त्याचा पूर्ण पराभव करण्यासाठी त्याला पालखेडच्या कात्रीत कसं पकडलं याचा स्ट्रॅटेजिक वॉरफेअरच्या अभ्यासाचा भाग म्हणून आजही सांगितलं जातं. बाजीराव खूप मोठा युद्धनीतीज्ञ होता. म्हणूनच तो अजेय राहिला. त्याच्या कारकीर्दीतली एकही लढाई तो हरला नाही. म्हणून त्याची तुलना नेपोलियनसारख्या युद्धनिपुण सेनापतीशी केली जाते. फील्डमार्शल मॉण्टगोमेरी यांचं युद्धशास्त्रावर आधारित ‘अ कन्साइज हिस्ट्री ऑफ वॉरफेअर’ नावाचं एक प्रसिद्ध पुस्तक आहे. त्यात त्यांनी बाजीरावाच्या पालखेडच्या लढाईबाबत म्हटलंय की १७२७-२८ची बाजारावाची निजाम-उल-मुल्क याच्याविरुद्धची चढाई हा ‘मास्टरपीस ऑफ स्ट्रॅटेजिक मोबिलिटी’ होता. बाजीराव आपल्या शत्रूला इप्सित स्थळी आणून मात देत असे. मैदानात अनुकूल परिस्थिती नसेल तर बाजीराव वाट पाहायचा. एखाद्या कसलेल्या शिकाऱ्याप्रमाणे तो पेशन्स ठेवायचा. घोडदळ हे बाजीरावाचं सर्वात मोठं बलस्थान होतं. दिवसाला ४० मैलाचा टप्पा त्याचं सैन्य गाठायचं. तो त्याच्या काळातला अत्युत्तम वेग होता. त्यामुळे शत्रूला सुगावा लागायच्या आतच बाजीरावाचा हल्ला झालेला असायचा. बाजीरावाची गुप्तचर व्यवस्था ही त्याची दुसरी मोठी शक्ती होती. अक्षरश: क्षणा-क्षणांची माहिती त्याला मिळायची. मार्गात येणाऱ्या नद्या, उतार-चढाव, पर्वत, घाट या सगळ्यांची अचूक माहिती बाजीरावाकडे असायची. बाजीराव प्रचंड महत्त्वाकांक्षी होता. त्याकाळात व्यापक पातळीवर दृष्टिकोन ठेवण्याची त्याची पात्रता होती. म्हणूनच छत्रसालाच्या मदतीला तो धावून गेला. त्याने २५ हजारांची फौज घेऊन मुहम्मद खान बंगश याला जैतपूरच्या लढाईत मात दिली. पण तो मुत्सद्दी म्हणूनही हुशार होता. म्हणूनच इलाहाबादच्या या सुभेदाराला त्याने आपल्या मातोश्री राधाबाई यांच्या काशीयात्रेची जबाबदारी घ्यायला लावली. ही स्ट्रॅटेजिक मूव्ह म्हणून खूप मोठी गोष्ट होती. त्या काळात काशी यात्रा करणं खूपच जिकिरीचं होतं. काशी यात्रेला गेलेला माणूस जिवंत परत येईलच याची अजिबात खात्री नसायची. पेशव्याच्या मातोश्रींच्या काशीयात्रेची जबाबदारी बंगशाला घ्यायला लावून त्याकाळात बाजीरावाने एका दगडात अनेक पक्षी मारले होते. बाजीराव पराक्रमात शिवाजी महाराजांच्या बरोबरीचा होताच शिवाय त्याचं चारित्र्यही चांगलं होतं. मस्तानीशी जोडलं गेलेलं नाव हा बाजीरावाच्या आयुष्यातला सर्वात महत्त्वाचा भाग. मात्र मस्तानीसही त्याने सहकारिणीचा दर्जा देऊ केला. त्या काळात ते मोठंच धारिष्टय़ होतं. अर्थात या चारित्र्य संपन्नतेमुळेच तो सर्व मराठा सरदारांना एकत्र करू शकला, आणि त्याने शाहूचाही विश्वास संपादन केला. बाजीरावाची देशभर मोठी दहशत होती. १७३९ मध्ये इराणचा बादशाह नादिरशाह याने दिल्लीवर आक्रमण केलं तेव्हा बाजीराव दिल्लीकडे निघाला. बाजीराव निघालाय या एवढय़ा बातमीनेच नादिरशाह याने दिल्ली सोडली आणि तो परत निघाला. डेनिस किंकेड या लेखकाने आपल्या ‘हिस्ट्री ऑफ मराठा पीपल’ या पुस्तकात म्हटलंय – ‘ब्रेव्हेस्ट ऑफ द ब्रेव्ह, फेअरेस्ट ऑफ फेअर, बाजीराव डाइड लाइक द मोस्ट फॅसिनेटिंग फिगर इन अ रोमान्स ऑफ लव्ह.’ ग्रॅण्ट डफने ‘हिस्ट्री ऑफ मराठाज’मध्ये म्हटलंय – ही हॅड बोथ द हेड टू प्लॅन अ‍ॅण्ड द हॅण्ड टू एक्झेक्यूट. मिर्झा मोहम्मद नावाच्या एका इतिहासकाराने आपल्या ‘तारीखे मुहम्मदी’ या ग्रंथात बाजीरावाच्या निधनाबद्दल म्हटलंय- साहिबी फुतुहाते उज्जाम. अर्थात प्रचंड विजय मिळवणारा बाजीराव मृत्यूला बिलगला.’’ जगभरातल्या इतक्या इतिहासकारांनी आणि बखरकारांनी ज्याला नावाजलं त्या पंडित प्रधान श्रीमंत थोरल्या बाजीराव पेशवे यांची महती निनाद बेडेकरांनी थोडक्यात वर्णन केली. खरं तर मराठय़ांच्या इतिहासात आपल्या उंबऱ्याबाहेर जाऊन मुलुखगिरी करण्याचं स्वप्नं सर्वप्रथम बाजीरावानेच दाखवलं. आज आपण परप्रांतीयांच्या घुसखोरी विरोधात आपलाच बचाव करण्यात शक्ती खर्च करतोय. पण बाजीरावाने मराठी साम्राज्यवादाचं स्वप्न तीनशे वर्षांपूर्वी जोपासलं होतं. त्यासाठी त्याने क्षत्रियत्व स्वीकारलं आणि ते ग्रेसफुली पेललं. घोडदळ हा त्याकाळातल्या लढाईचा आत्मा. मंगोलियन योद्धे घोडय़ावर मोठे होतात असं म्हटलं जायचं. तसाच बाजीराव घोडय़ावर मोठा झाला. तो त्याच्या काळातला सर्वोत्तम घोडेस्वार होता. त्याच्या शिपायांसोबत तो घोडय़ावर सर्वात पुढे असायचा. घोडय़ावरच पिशवीत भाजलेले चणे घेऊन ते खातखात दौड करीत फाके मारत बाजीराव सैनिकांसह प्रवास करी. त्यांच्यासोबतच राही. सर रिचर्ड टेंपल यांनी वर्णन केल्याप्रमाणे बाजीरावाकडे कुशल संघटनकौशल्य होते. तो सुंदर भाषण करायचा. समरागंणावरील विजयानंतर तो आपल्या सैनिकांना उद्देशून असे काही भाषण करी की आणखी विजय मिळवण्यास त्यांचा हुरूप वाढत असे. खरं तर आजच्या तरुण पिढीला बाजीरावाच्या तोडीचं एखादं नेतृत्त्वं आज हवं आहे. मात्र बाजीरावच उपेक्षेच्या अंधारात आज हरवला आहे. उत्तर पेशवाईतल्या रंगढंगामुळे बाजीरावाबद्दल बहुजनांना ममत्व नाही. मांस भक्षण करणारा, मद्य प्राशन करणारा आणि मस्तानीसारख्या यवन स्त्रीवर प्रेम करून तिला शनिवारवाडय़ात आणणारा म्हणून ब्राह्मणांनी या वृत्तीनं शिपाई असलेल्या पेशव्याला उपेक्षित केलं. तसाही पुतळे बांधून वारसा जपला जातोच असं नाही. जातीच्या नाही तर प्रांताच्या संकुचित कुंपणात इतिहासातले सुपरहीरो अडकवले जातात. पण रावेरखेडीस चिरविश्रांती घेणारा राऊ या सगळ्या पलिकडचा होता. तो रणबाँकुरा होता, मुत्सद्दी होता, तडफदार होता, काळजानं हळवा होता. म्हणून पाबळला मस्तानीस कैदेस ठेवल्याच्या बातमीने तो धास्तावला होता. बाजी रावेरखेडीस दहा दिवस मुक्कामास होता. इतके दिवस रावबाजी एकाच ठिकाणी कधीच स्थिर नव्हता. इराणचा बादशहा नादिरशहास धाक घालणारा राऊ घरच्या भेदामुळे खचला. त्यातच त्याला वैशाखातला ऊष्मा भोवला. आणि त्याने नर्मदातीरावर वयाच्या अवघ्या ४०व्या वर्षी देह ठेवला. राऊ अधिक जगता तर आज इतिहास वेगळा असता. पण या झाल्या जर तरच्या गोष्टी. आजही बाजीरावाची समाधी मराठी मनांना आणि मनगटांना स्फूर्ती देते. मराठय़ांच्या इतिहासाच्या खुणा तशाही लोप पावत चालल्यात. त्यात आता बाजीरावाची समाधीही जलसमाधी घेते आहे. ज्या छत्रसालाने शिवाजी महाराजांच्या वचनाचा हवाला देत ‘जो गति ग्राह गजेंद्र की, सो गति भई है आज, बाजी जात बुंदेल की, राखो बाजी लाज’ अशी हाक दिली होती आणि बाजीने त्या बुंदेलाची लाज राखली होती. आज माळव्यातल्या आपल्या बाजीचीच लाज राखण्याची वेळ येऊन ठेपली आहे. ज्यानं कधी पराभव पाहिला नाही, ज्यानं आपल्या मनगटानं दिल्ली काबीज केली आणि इराणपर्यंतच्या पातशाह्या हलवल्या त्या जगातल्या एकमेव अजेय, अपराजित योद्धय़ाची समाधी बुडिताखाली जातेय आणि आपण सारे या इतिहासाचा आणि परंपरेचा वारसा सांगणारे इथे मनगटं चावत बसलोय. नाही चिरा, नाही पणती या अवस्थेत आणखी एक पराक्रमाचा वारसा अंधाराचा आसरा घेईल, आणि प्राणांची बाजी लावणाऱ्या एका कणखर देशाचं इमान मातीमोल ठरेल. बाजीरावकालीन दौडीचा वेग बाजीरावाचे प्रमुख बलस्थान होते त्याचे घोडदळ. त्या काळात मुघल सैन्य दिवसाला ५ ते ६ मैल या वेगाने प्रवास करत असत. मात्र बाजीरावाने आपल्या घोडदळाचा वेग विक्रमी ठेवला होता. चिमाजी आप्पा १७३३ मध्ये ग्वाल्हेरच्या स्वारीहून परत आला तेव्हा बुंदेलखंडातील राजगडापासून पुण्यापर्यंतचे मुक्काम, रोज किती कोस चालत याच्या आकडय़ासह पेशवे दप्तरात पृ. १२२५-६ वर दिलेले आहेत. त्यावरून (कोस म्हणजे २ मैल धरून) राजगड (सिप्री नजीक) पासून बऱ्हाणपुरापर्यंत ३३४ मैलांचा प्रवास चिमाजीच्या सैन्याने २४ दिवसांत केला. याचा अर्थ एक दिवसांत सरासरी १४ मैलांची मजर हे सैन्य मारत असे. पुढे बऱ्हाणपुरापासून पुण्यापर्यंतचा ३०६ मैलांचा प्रवास त्याच सैन्याने २१ दिवसात केला. म्हणजे सरासरी दिवसास १५ मैल हे मान पडते. या ४५ दिवसात कमीतकमी प्रवास एखाद्या दिवशी ४ मैल तर एखाद्या दिवशी जास्तीत जास्त २० मैल असा केलेला आढळतो. बाजीरावाचे वडील बाळाजी विश्वनाथ यांच्या सैन्याने ११ मैलाने प्रवास केल्याची नोंद आहे. मात्र १७३८मध्ये बाजीरावाने आगऱ्यापासून दिल्लीपर्यंतचा १२५ मैलांचा प्रवास शत्रूस चाहूल लागू न देता आडवाटेने अवघ्या १० दिवसात केला होता. म्हणजे दिवसाला १२ मैलाहूनही अधिक वेगाने. मात्र दिल्लीहून जयपुरापर्यंत शत्रूच्या तावडीतून निसटण्यासाठी तो झपाटय़ाने प्रवास करत होता. तेव्हा १८० मैल ८ दिवसात म्हणजे दिवसाला २५ मैल हा बाजीरावाचा वेग होता. तो त्या काळातला जास्तीत जास्त होता. आणिक कोन्ही दिसत नाही. – जयसिंगाचा वकिल दीपसिंगाचा अभिप्राय मग.. (नवाब निजाम-उल-मुल्क) घडी घडी पुसो लागले की सातारा महाराजापासी मातबर, मनसुबेबाज, राजा ज्यास मानीतो यैसा तुमचे नजरेस कोण आला? त्यांनी (दीपसिंगांनी) जाब दिल्हा की महाराजा जैसिंगजींनी (जयपूरपाले) मजला याच कामाबद्दल बहुतकरून पाठविले जे, बाजीराअु पंडीत प्रधान याचे नाव मुलकात मरदुमीचे फार आहे. परंतु गिरंदारी व मुतसतगिरी व मान आदर राज्यांत व बोलोन चालोन पोख्त कारबारी मनास आणून येणें म्हणोन पाठविले होते, ते आपण मनास आणिले. मग नबाब पुसो लागले की कोन्हास तुम्ही मातबर व पोख्तकार व साहेबतरतुद व राजामेहेरबान गिरंदार कोन्हांस वलखिले? दीपसिंगजींनी अुत्तर दिल्हे जे सिवाये बाजीराअूजी आणिक कोन्ही सत्यवचनी अगर प्रामाणिक अगर पोख्तकारी अगर चलनसाहेबफौज दुसरा दिसत नाही. – पेशवे दप्तर, भाग १० ले. ६६. रावेरखेडीस जायचं कसं? रावेरखेडी येथील बाजीराव समाधीस्थळी जायचं असल्यास विविध मार्ग आहे. खांडवा-इंदौर या रेल्वे मार्गावर सनावद नावाचे रेल्वेस्टेशन आहे. येथे उतरल्यावर वाहन घेऊन खरगोण मार्गावर बेडिया नावाचे गाव लागते. बेडिया येथून भोगावाँ येथे उजव्या हाताने जावे. तेथून उजव्या हाताला एक कच्चा रस्ता रावेरखेडीला जातो. रावेरखेडी गावाच्या पुढे नदीतटावर बाजीराव समाधीस्थळ आहे. जर स्वत:च्या वाहनाने महाराष्ट्रातून जायचे असल्यास धुळ्याहून इंदौरकडे जाऊन सैंधवाच्या पुढे जुलवानियाँनंतर उजवीकडे जाणारा खरगोण रस्ता पकडता येतो. खरगोणच्या पुढे सनावद मार्गावर बेडिया येते. हा रस्ता थोडा लांबचा वाटल्यास धुळ्याहून भुसावळ रस्ता पकडावा. हा रस्ता मोठा आहे. भुसावळच्या आधी डावीकडे रावेरसाठी (महाराष्ट्रातील) रस्ता जातो. रावेर, बऱ्हाणपूर ते सनावद सरळ मोठा रस्ता आहे. बाजीरावाच्या आयुष्यातील ठळक घटना. १७०० ऑगस्ट १८ – (भाद्र. शु. १५) बाजीरावाचा जन्म. १७१८ जुलै १ – बाळाजी विश्वनाथाबरोबर दिल्लीस निघाला. १७१९ फेब्रु २८ – दिल्लीस मुक्काम. १७२० मार्च २० – कोल्हापूर युद्ध. एप्रिल २ – बाळाजी विश्वनाथ यांचा मृत्यू. एप्रिल १७ – मसूर येथे बाजीरावास पेशवे पदाची वस्त्रे मिळाली. १७२१ जानेवारी ४ – चिखलठाण येथे निजामाची भेट. मार्च ७ – सुरतेवर स्वारी. १७२२ डिसेंबर ५ – ऐवजखानाची भेट. १७२३ फेब्रु. १३ – बदकशा येथे निजाम भेट. मार्च – भोपाळच्या दोस्त महमदाचा पराभव. त्याचा हत्ती घेतला. १७२४ मार्च १४ – लांबकानीचे युद्ध. १७२४ ऑक्टोबर – साखरखेडल्याचे युद्ध. १७२८ फेब्रु. २५ – पालखेडच्या युद्धात निजामाचा पराभव. मार्च ३१ – स्वारीहून परत. १७२९ मार्च १३ – धामोरा येथे छत्रसालाची भेट. एप्रिल – बंगषाला वेढा आणि पराभव. एप्रिल २८ – सुपे (बुंदेलखंड येथे कायमखानाचे लष्कर लुटले. १७३१ एप्रिल १ – डभई (गुजरात) त्रिंबकराव दाभाडय़ास मारले. एप्रिल – बाजीरावाच्या सैन्याशी निजामाची चकमक. १७३२ फेब्रु. १२ – सेखोजी आंग्रे भेट. १७३३ एप्रिल ६ – जंजिऱ्यावर स्वारी. मे २५ – मंडणगड किल्ला घेतला. १७३४ मे – खानदेशकडील स्वारी. १७३५ फेब्रु ४ – मानाजी आंग्रे यांच्या मदतीसाठी कुलाब्यास प्रयाण. जुलै ६ – मल्हारराव होळकर, राणोजी शिंदे राजपुतान्यात विजयी होऊन पुण्यास आले तेव्हा बाजीराव घोरपडीपावेतो सामोरा गेला. १७३६ फेब्रु ४ – उदेपूर येथील जलमंदिरास भेट. फेब्रु. १५ – किशनगड नजीक सवाई जयसिंगाची भेट. १७३७ मार्च २९ – दिल्लीचा पुरा जाळला. १७३८ जाने. – भोपाळचे युद्ध व तह. १७३९ फेब्रु. ११ – नादिरशहाच्या वर्तमानावरून पुण्याहून उत्तरेकडे स्वारी. मे २२ – जेनाबाद येथे न
        • Shirish Joshi 12:58 pm on October 6, 2009 Permalink | Reply

          Dear Mr Kulkarni

          Thank you for taking time to share – much appreciated.

          I have recently asked a friend to recommend books on Bajirao and Nana Phadvanis. Perhaps you would recommend an honest, objective and gutsy accounts on both rather than glossy, bollywood inspired timid fiction?

          • swapnil dhumal 12:01 am on May 3, 2010 Permalink | Reply

            !!! Aprtim !!!

        • omkar 10:55 am on March 5, 2010 Permalink | Reply

          hiiiiiiiiiiii boss thanks for info..

        • Parikshit 4:12 pm on August 2, 2011 Permalink | Reply

          Thanks for sharing these details.
          How can we contribute to save the samadhi at raverkhedi? please let us know

        • pratik 2:14 pm on January 31, 2012 Permalink | Reply

          Dear Shripad,
          myself pratik
          m rite now reading panipat by vishwas patil..would like to know about bajirao peshawe.. you know any perticular book that will give complete information about them.. like shriman yogi gives the complete information about shri shivaji maharaj..thanks

        • shreyas potdar 8:09 am on August 27, 2012 Permalink | Reply

          Dear sir,
          i shreyas potdar have very much intrest in history of shrimant peshwa bajirao 1 & want to do research on his life so plz suggest me some books

      • sanjay 12:25 pm on June 17, 2010 Permalink | Reply

        hiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
        swapnil
        बाजीरावाच्या आयुष्यातील ठळक घटना.
        १७०० ऑगस्ट १८ – (भाद्र. शु. १५) बाजीरावाचा जन्म.
        १७१८ जुलै १ – बाळाजी विश्वनाथाबरोबर दिल्लीस निघाला.
        १७१९ फेब्रु २८ – दिल्लीस मुक्काम.
        १७२० मार्च २० – कोल्हापूर युद्ध.
        एप्रिल २ – बाळाजी विश्वनाथ यांचा मृत्यू.
        एप्रिल १७ – मसूर येथे बाजीरावास पेशवे पदाची वस्त्रे मिळाली.
        १७२१ जानेवारी ४ – चिखलठाण येथे निजामाची भेट.
        मार्च ७ – सुरतेवर स्वारी.
        १७२२ डिसेंबर ५ – ऐवजखानाची भेट.
        १७२३ फेब्रु. १३ – बदकशा येथे निजाम भेट.
        मार्च – भोपाळच्या दोस्त महमदाचा पराभव. त्याचा हत्ती घेतला.
        १७२४ मार्च १४ – लांबकानीचे युद्ध.
        १७२४ ऑक्टोबर – साखरखेडल्याचे युद्ध.
        १७२८ फेब्रु. २५ – पालखेडच्या युद्धात निजामाचा पराभव.
        मार्च ३१ – स्वारीहून परत.
        १७२९ मार्च १३ – धामोरा येथे छत्रसालाची भेट.
        एप्रिल – बंगषाला वेढा आणि पराभव.
        एप्रिल २८ – सुपे (बुंदेलखंड येथे कायमखानाचे लष्कर लुटले.
        १७३१ एप्रिल १ – डभई (गुजरात) त्रिंबकराव दाभाडय़ास मारले.
        एप्रिल – बाजीरावाच्या सैन्याशी निजामाची चकमक.
        १७३२ फेब्रु. १२ – सेखोजी आंग्रे भेट.
        १७३३ एप्रिल ६ – जंजिऱ्यावर स्वारी.
        मे २५ – मंडणगड किल्ला घेतला.
        १७३४ मे – खानदेशकडील स्वारी.
        १७३५ फेब्रु ४ – मानाजी आंग्रे यांच्या मदतीसाठी कुलाब्यास प्रयाण.
        जुलै ६ – मल्हारराव होळकर, राणोजी शिंदे राजपुतान्यात विजयी होऊन पुण्यास आले तेव्हा बाजीराव घोरपडीपावेतो सामोरा गेला.
        १७३६ फेब्रु ४ – उदेपूर येथील जलमंदिरास भेट.
        फेब्रु. १५ – किशनगड नजीक सवाई जयसिंगाची भेट.
        १७३७ मार्च २९ – दिल्लीचा पुरा जाळला.
        १७३८ जाने. – भोपाळचे युद्ध व तह.
        १७३९ फेब्रु. ११ – नादिरशहाच्या वर्तमानावरून पुण्याहून उत्तरेकडे स्वारी.
        मे २२ – जेनाबाद येथे न

        Reply

    • Harshad Joshi 4:32 pm on October 14, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      @Swapnil

      Surely, I can provide you with more info on Shrimanta Bajirao Peshwa..

    • Harshad Joshi 4:34 pm on October 14, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      Yeah, will give more information on Bajirao Peshwa..

    • Sanjay 6:21 pm on October 24, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      If you go in depth of the character of this great personality and what he achieved for the hindu revival, after Shivaji, your head will bow for ever when you will hear his name anywhere. Even the noted sceptic Grant Duff literally pays homage to this most outstanding peronality. I have had the privelige to visit his samadhi at Raverkhedi for which I had to cross river Narmada twice and also walk on foot to cross an island as I had gone in the wrong direction. I do not know swimming and in sheer enthusiasm I travelled in a boat used to carry sand from maa Narmada. The feeling that I gained here equals that when I first visited Pandharpur. I am trying to collect the literature on Shrimant and plan to do some work on him. Though I am in Dubai, I still carry with me Grant Duff’s three volumes. I have not succeeded in getting the Sardesai’s work and would request anyone to help me. Also I request if some one could provide me more literature on Shrimant Baji Rao. Friends, one of the reasons of Nadir Shah running away was our brave Baji Rao. Unfortunately this is not highlighted in the history books that we come across.

    • Harshad Joshi 5:28 am on November 14, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      @Sanjay

      Yes, its true that in upcoming Narmada Sardar Sarovar project, the samadhi of Bajirao Peshwa might get affected due to backwaters, and its sade to find that not enough people are voicing against this, very few people acknowldge Bajirao Peshwas great role in Indian history… 😦

    • Amit Barve 5:35 am on January 24, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      Samadhi of Great Bajirao Peshwa was already sinked in water. Any way India has no vision about there political heros now India is looking for heros in drama/films. It is beter that Chitpawans should keep quiet.

    • Uday 5:10 am on May 11, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      http://picasaweb.google.com/udayskulkarni/ShrimantBajiraoPeshweTheFirstSamadhiAtRaverKhedi

      21 snaps of bajirao’s samadhi with directions on how to get there…taken april 2008..

      pass it on…

    • Joy Miranda 12:08 pm on May 20, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      Wanted to know if the rare Dhakhini breed of Horses that formed part of the Maratha light infantry do exists. If so where in Maharastra and if there are any pictures of this rare horse. joy

    • Joy Miranda 12:10 pm on May 20, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      Wanted to have pictures of the Dhakini Breed of horse that was part of the Maratha Cavelry. Joy

    • Harshad Joshi 4:31 pm on May 20, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      @joy
      I think the name of those horse breed was ‘Bhimthadi’, that were available in Maval area.

    • Ashvini Sutar,Kolhapur 11:58 am on June 4, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      1st Bajirao Peshwa was a great Warrior after Chha. Shivaji Maharaj. I would like know more about his biography and history.Please give me.

    • Anup 9:33 am on June 15, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      i am very much fascinated by Shrimanta Bajirao Peshwa i know some words by Grand Duff for the Bajirao & they are as follows “BAJIRAO HAD BOTH HEAD TO PLAN AND HANDS TO EXECUTE”

    • Archit Tiwari 10:31 pm on August 23, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      I had been in Pune for many years. And the imposing statue of Bajirao The Great in front of Shanirwada immediately enkindles in me the greatest of respect for this great Brahmin warrior.
      I would like to get in touch with you. It seems you and I share similar interests. Please mail me.

    • Naresh Akhade 1:00 pm on November 9, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      I am fan of this great personality. Baji Rao I was ambitious soldier who expanded martha state in north India.

      The Marathi historical novel “Rau” (1972) by historical novelist N. S. Inamdar also deals with the story of Bajirao and Mastani and the later part of Bajirao’s life. It also tells of the Peshwa’s relations with his mother Radhabai, his wife Kashibai, his son Nana Saheb (later Balaji Baji Rao) and his sickly but brilliant brother Chimaji Appa.

      A History of Marathas – By Grantt Duff (Online book which mentions history from Shahaji Bhonsle till end of Peshwa regime.)

      Link – http://books.google.com/books?id=FKQ9AAAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=subject:%22Maratha+(Indic+people)%22#PRA1-PR21,M1.

      the above book deals with the Baji Rao’s military compaign.

    • Indrayani 2:24 pm on November 21, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      Hey all,

      I too admire this great warrior…but question is was Mastani mistake he made in his life?

      • Shantanu Thekedar 4:54 pm on May 4, 2009 Permalink | Reply

        I don’t think so because Mastani never interferd in his pearsonal life.Though she had son from him she never told him to give peshwa post to their son.She was having true love for Bajirao.Mastani was one small part of his life.We should focus on other parts of his life.

    • Harshad Joshi 2:44 pm on November 21, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      @Indrayani

      As I am not a historian, I cant say that Bajirao Peshwa was entirely right or entirely wrong.

      However, many influential people of Pune at that time used to condemn him for liking Mastani. Maybe they were old fashioned.

      Todays people are more broadminded, they dont really care about such issues. Or atleast many dont show it too much in public.

      However, we can say that many people then didnt had a beautiful wife like Mastani and so they were jealous of Bajirao.

      Moral of the story – If you have a Mastani, be happy, if you dont, then start condemning the guy who has Mastani..

    • Anand 9:53 pm on December 6, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      hi everybody there,can anybody help me out sending me a dance form of mastani..painting or any video of nowadays.

      plz send it across to my mail id:

      anandsaigal@gmail.com

      thnx!!

    • paresh tambat 3:06 pm on December 14, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      Thanks of u all guys for thinking of the great maratha worrier
      Pandit Pantpradhan Shrimant Bajirao peshwe Thorale.

      i am big fan of that great personality like him.

      Iwant to know more insigniaon him or his life.

    • paresh tambat 3:13 pm on December 14, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      if any one know about him mail me at tambat.paresh@yahoo.in.

    • Arjun 10:59 pm on December 31, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      Some great information here about Baji Rao.I’m working a project regarding Hindu warriors and I might need some help from some u on gathering informationBaji Rao 1st.Here’s the trailer for the site underconstruction to give u an idea of the project..Thanks

    • kartik 8:56 am on January 22, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      afi m working on a project maned bajirao-mastani. i mieght need some detailed information about bajirao peshwa and his muslim wifemastani. the relation between them. please give me the information about bajirao and mastani. thanx.

    • kartik 8:58 am on January 22, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      him working on a project maned bajirao-mastani. i might need some detailed information about bajirao peshwa and his muslim wife mastani. the relation between them. please give me the information about bajirao and mastani. thanx.

    • mahesh 5:48 am on February 13, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      Hi,
      i am very much intrested in bajirao peshawa’s achivements .
      I think the maratha raj was nearly ended when mughals realeased Shahu & Maratha raj divided in Kolhapur & Satara. Shahu was not a Warrior & Kolhapur not having any influancial sardars & again a fight for kolhapur raj between rajaram’s wives there wasnt anyone to save the maratha raj but for Bajirao 1 it became the most powerful kingdom in Hindusthan .

      As for indian Historians they did not give the due credit to him.
      But the Outsiders knows exactely his worth.& that is why this campaign has been chosen as brilliant in strategy (”A masterpiece of strategic mobility…“) by Field Marshal Montgomery in his book, A History of Warfare.

      As for Mastani — This was a very small period in Bajirao’s life But given to much importance.
      Bajirao’s wife Kashi was having problem of Arthritis. She used to drag her feet.Though Bajirao take care of her .
      At that time it was normal to have more than one wife.
      To keep another woman from different casts also.
      Bajirao’s father also have another woman from differant cast.
      But there was opposition for half muslim wife .
      but no one seems to see the politics of Bajirao & Chhatrasal which was a very needed thing at that time.

      i have collected & collecting good information on The Grate Bajirao if anyone intrested to provide more i will be grateful .
      Thanks
      bhamve@yahoo.com

      • shraddha 6:13 pm on December 19, 2010 Permalink | Reply

        though i v better info abt him but i want to more abt bajirao n mastani…
        can u help me..

    • Harshad Joshi 6:48 am on February 13, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      @Mahesh

      Thank you for sharing very useful information on the great Bajirao Peshwa..

    • gajanan 6:46 am on March 13, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      Really the way you people are touchining to untouched History is great
      But its very sad that where the peshwa’s really ruled and fought for the SWARAJ people don’t remember it. People are neglecting purposely.
      but all of of you still salute such personalitied, I salute to you.

    • Vikram Arunrao Deshmukh 3:03 pm on April 1, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      Bajirao Peshwa was a great warier, Ruler & Maratha. He was a first & Last warier in the world which is not bot beat in any war.
      He ware change the map of India. I am a big fan of Bajirao Peshwa.

    • Tor Pedo 4:55 am on May 29, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      image of BAJIRAO PESHWA is used by marathi weekly LOKPRABHA,
      IS IT WITH THE OKAY FROM YOU?

    • aniket 7:14 am on December 26, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      the great maratha shivaji is the god of maharastra bajirao peshwa is the great and powerful mratha

      • shraddha 6:11 pm on December 19, 2010 Permalink | Reply

        he was not maratha… hw was on who workd for “swarajya”..

    • omkar 10:53 am on March 5, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      1st bajirao did 38 wars in his life and he dident loss anyone in it

      • shraddha 6:10 pm on December 19, 2010 Permalink | Reply

        i think he did 20 wars n won all

    • PRAMOD DASARE 2:07 pm on June 3, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      THANKS FOR THIS INFORMATION & INSPIRATION

    • jwranade 2:11 pm on November 28, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      I plan to visit samadhi in the first week of Dec 2010, do you have by chance any latest info, like it is submerged in water? Your input is highly appreciated.

    • pravin 8:58 am on December 11, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      mi eka pustakat asa vachalay ki bajirao peshave 28 vya varshi varale aani ithe tyancha janma 99 to mrutyu 40asa dhila aahe mag khara te kay

      • shraddha 6:09 pm on December 19, 2010 Permalink | Reply

        tynach janma 18 auguest 1700 madhe zala ahe n te 40 varshach jagle…

    • sachin.k.deshmukh 2:13 pm on July 29, 2011 Permalink | Reply

      Namaskar Shreemant Bajirao Peshve Parat Janma Gheun Parat AAplya mmmaharashtrla Ya julmi rajvatimadhun sodu shaktil ka ( Shreemantana Manacha Mujara)

    • sachin.k.deshmukh 2:17 pm on July 29, 2011 Permalink | Reply

      Asa Shreemant Bajirao parat hone Nahi
      Ya dalbhadri Maharashtrala Tya Mahan Yoddhyachi Kahich Dakhal Ghene Nahi Ani
      Tya pune shahrala dekhil Bajiraoche Kahi dene ghene Nahi ka?
      A

    • uday wadadekar 4:32 pm on May 12, 2012 Permalink | Reply

      The above Photograph of BajiRao is of Tipu Sultan .You are requested to rectify the above Photograph so that it will avoid misunderstanding.

    • bajirao 7:43 am on September 16, 2012 Permalink | Reply

      bajirao

    • Jay 9:18 am on October 4, 2012 Permalink | Reply

      SHRIMANT PESHWE BAJIRAO———-The reincarnation (Punarjanma) of HINDU ENERGY………..

    • Kunal Khobragade 6:36 am on November 7, 2013 Permalink | Reply

      Dear Harshad, Its very useful to read the research book like this (year 1826) on Maratha Kingdom. Thanks for making it available to read. Beautifully described the rise of Maratha Kingdom by Shivaji Maharaj.

    • Bedekar P.B. 5:25 pm on July 2, 2014 Permalink | Reply

      Please let me know whether a hard copy of this book could be available?

    • Anand Ghurye 4:26 pm on January 15, 2015 Permalink | Reply

      Dear Harshad , You have done a lot of research on Bajirao Peshwa and compiled a lot of useful information . However the photo you have displayed is that of Tipu Sultan . The facial features of Bajirao were quite distinct and different . I have seen this error at some other places on the internet too . I watched a powerpoint presentation on the Maratha time forts . The presenter there too presented this picture as the picture o Bajirao . I am a researcher in matters of Ancient Wisdom and I see these kind of errors happening all along . . As Internet is largely cut and paste medium , this kind of misinformation can go quite far . Thanks in advance. Please feel free to contact me if you need any further information .

    • Shriram 4:44 am on December 31, 2015 Permalink | Reply

      @sachin k deshmukh, maharashtrala dalbhadri bolaycha aapli aiypat nahi jyani tya maatisathi kahich kele nahi shabd japun vaprava shrimantanchi stuti kartana tyanchya aani itaranchya maanala mhanjech Maharashtrala apmaanit naka karu

    • Ravindra dhamale 10:30 am on February 27, 2016 Permalink | Reply

      Thank u so much,,,bajirao such a great person

  • Harshad Joshi 5:08 am on April 22, 2006 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Chattrapati, , ,   

    Chattrapati Shivrai 

    Rajadhiraaj Shiv Chattrapati(real name - Shivaji Bhosale) - Founder of Hindavi Swaraj and Marathi Empire

    My bows to the founder of Hindavi Swaraaj and Marathi Empire. Jai Shivaji.

     
    • renu 5:20 pm on April 22, 2006 Permalink | Reply

      enjoyed being here..:)

    • harshad 6:15 pm on April 22, 2006 Permalink | Reply

      Thanks.

    • Hiren 3:01 pm on September 26, 2006 Permalink | Reply

      I second that. Shivaji was great.

    • Harshad Joshi 10:44 am on September 27, 2006 Permalink | Reply

      Thank You Hiren. Many have got the same sentiments for this great warrior. We need to remember him and his principles.

    • arun 8:04 am on February 20, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      Simply the great. Jai Shvrai, Jai Maharashtra.

    • Subhash 5:02 am on September 3, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      thank you for giving information about a great king.

    • Chetan Deshmukh 9:19 am on September 19, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      I PROUD TO BE ‘MARATHI’. JAY BHAVANI JAY SHIVRAI!

    • shiva 3:50 pm on November 11, 2007 Permalink | Reply

      Shivaji was great. It’s time to follow his principles.

    • Satish Naik 8:01 am on January 5, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      Maharastrache Aaradhay Daivat Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Ki Jay.

      Shivajiche Aathavave Rup., Shivajiche Aathavava Pratap.

      Jay Bhavani Jay Shivaji

    • Nitin 4:40 am on February 16, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      Shivaji is one of Tiger of Maharashtra. Jai Bhavani….Jai Shivaji…… Jai Maharashtra

    • sushant 4:30 am on May 10, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      Jai Bhavani….Jai Shivaji……
      Jai Bhavani….Jai Shivaji……
      Jai Bhavani….Jai Shivaji……

      Shivajiche Aathavave Rup., Shivajiche Aathavava Pratap

    • laxman 11:10 am on May 16, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      Shivaji Maharaj Great..!

      • chandrakant 3:49 pm on November 29, 2009 Permalink | Reply

        {raje punha janmala yavet} 9665284611 JAY MAHARASHTRA

    • mangesh 10:28 am on June 7, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      shivaji maharaj is great yoddha

    • mangesh 10:29 am on June 7, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      shivaji maharaj is great warriar

    • vinod chavan 2:16 pm on July 10, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      He has bring poud & selfrespect to all hindus,irrespective of caste.
      Jai Shivaji, The great MARATHA.

    • kinu 8:29 am on July 11, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      thegreatestwarriorofindiajanatarajaofindiajaibhavanijaishivaji

    • shivaji 8:49 am on August 6, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      [b]hiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii!
      how are you ?

    • सुशांत कुलकर्णी 8:35 pm on August 26, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      शिवरायांचे आठवावे रूप , शिवरायांचा आठवावा प्रताप
      महाराष्ट्राचे हे अहोभाग्य की शिवराय इथे जन्मले …..

      • chandrakant 3:46 pm on November 29, 2009 Permalink | Reply

        sushant . shivarayanch jevadhe rup athavave tevadha kamich ahe . sushant { raje punha janmala yavet } hich apeksha JAY MAHARASHTRA

    • MAHENDRA SHELAR 5:02 am on October 4, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      CHATRAPATI SHIVAJI MAHARAJANI shyunyatun vishwa nirman kele. Atishay pratikul paristhititun rajani HINDAVI SWARAJAchi
      shtapana keli.
      DHANYA TE SHIVARAY AANI NASHIBWAN AAPALA MAHARASHTRA
      JAI BHAVANI JAI SHIVAJI

    • jazy 11:21 am on December 5, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      Shivaji Bhonsle

    • vidya 8:04 am on December 14, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      Jai BHAVANI!!
      Jai SHIVAJI!!

      • chandrakant 3:52 pm on November 29, 2009 Permalink | Reply

        {RAJE PUNHA JANMALA YA } hich apeksha

    • Gabbar Nikum 1:06 pm on December 17, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      Jai Bhavani,Jai Shivaji,Jai Maharashtra,

    • jazy 7:41 am on December 23, 2008 Permalink | Reply

      All Indians are only Hindus

    • Shiva Kumar 8:55 am on April 17, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      Shiva ji is courage in all modern hindus he should be worshipped like Hanuman the slayer of Evil.
      Marathis using his name to fight against brother north indians will one day put Shiva ji Maharaj in Shame he never propogated maratha language, he wanted to save hindus.
      He stands among Sri Krishna Devaraya of VijayNagar Kingdom Glorified

    • Utkarsh shinde 7:56 am on May 23, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      i proud i am 5m satara & so
      jai bhavani
      jai shivaji
      har har mahadev,

    • Arun 8:40 am on June 13, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Ko Pranam.

      Jai Hindu Jai Maharastra

    • ranjit hansraj 1:02 pm on August 3, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      jai bhavani jai shiva ji jai bharat i am india so i am lucky i love my india

    • kunal 4:37 am on September 25, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      raje

    • kunal 4:38 am on September 25, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      $ Raje punha janmala ya$

    • anita 11:39 am on October 10, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      Dhanya ti bhumi….. dhanya tey lok…… dhanya dhanya….

      Jai Bhavani…. Jai Shivaji……

    • rohan garsund 9:57 am on November 13, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      I PROUD TO BE ‘MARATHI’. JAY BHAVANI JAY SHIVRAI!

      …………………………..RAJE MUJRA……………………………

    • chandrakant 3:57 pm on November 29, 2009 Permalink | Reply

      raje ya maharashtrala tumachi garaj ahe

    • SUDARSHAN 6:38 pm on April 19, 2010 Permalink | Reply

      JAI SHIVAJI JAI BHAWANI!!!!!!

    • shivaji more 2:48 pm on April 29, 2011 Permalink | Reply

      chava amhi shivbacha dublya amha samju nka, cindya cindya karun taku nad amcha karu nka.”jay bhavni jay shivaji”#jay maharastra#

    • Mule Sachin 6:05 am on December 9, 2011 Permalink | Reply

      VEER SHIVAJI VEER SAMBHAJI VEER MARATHA

    • Mule Sachin & Seema 6:18 am on December 9, 2011 Permalink | Reply

      Raje Sambhaji Shivaji Bhosle VEER MARATHA MITRA MANDAL ANKOLI.

    • Mule Sachin & Seema 6:22 am on December 9, 2011 Permalink | Reply

      “VEER MARATHI MITRA MANDAL ,ANKOLI.” JAI SHIVAJI JAI SAMBHAJI

    • Ashish Dewakar 7:58 am on November 19, 2016 Permalink | Reply

      The Great SHIVAJI

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